Information taken from Grant Records shows Jonathan Cole registered for a grant Nov. 22 1763 in
and received 500 acres. (Vol. A, p. 272, grant 121). Jonathan Cole registered
for a grant on June 22 1774 in Sackville. He received 500 acres. (Vol. A, p.
266, grant 119). Both were originally received in Cumberland Township . Then, in 1786, both grants were
registered in Nova Scotia .
His sons Edward and Ambrose, both received 250 acres in Sackville, registered on
June 22 1774 (Vol. A, p. 266, grant 119). They would forfeit these lands by
fighting with the Patriots. New Brunswick
Out of all of Jonathan Cole’s family, his two sons, Martin and Ebenezer were the only ones to remain in
. Considering that much of the area
they lived in was wilderness, the years after the American Revolution were a
time of building and construction. Many of the original settlers in New Brunswick Nova Scotia and New Brunswick,
who had believed in and participated in the Colonists stand against the British,
had left their lands in
behind. They had returned to the colonies and for those who fought against the
British and survived, they received grants of land in return for their
patriotism. Most of this land was in areas that became OH, western NY and PA. Canada
Other factors were also at work that had an impact on NS and NB. The invitation to relocate to free lands had been extended to the Irish, the Scots and people living in northern
The resources available in that whole region were considerable. There were thousands of acres of forests, the marshes were full of salt hay, The Bay of Fundy provided fish, shellfish and ample waterfowl, and there were mines of gold, silver, precious stones and Lapis Lazuli. What’s not to like? Travel was slow and arduous as so few roads existed. For those worried about their souls, ministers and missionaries were few and far between. Church was held in homes, until meeting houses could be built, with lay readers offering what they could until the minister came round the circuit once again. Sometimes, four or five children would be baptized all at once. Settlers had to clear land, build roads and bridges, dike the marshes, build homes, barns and schools and farmers had to start raising crops. They had ten years to improve the property they had been granted.
Jonathan Cole must have started out with his sons James, Edward and Ambrose helping with the clearing, cutting, building and planting. But the war soon called these brothers back to
and Jonathan had just his young sons, Martin and Ebenezer to help. Jonathan’s
lands were in Sackville. His son Martin moved off to what is now called
Rockport ( Upper Joggins before) and built his
farm at Peck’s Point.
This Martin (1762 - c.1808) m. before 1786, Zilpha Alverson (1766-1839), d/o David and Elizabeth Sherman Alverson. They had 9 children:
Ambrose (1786-1857) m. 1817 Elizabeth Palmer (1793-1878), d/o Gideon and Catherine Harper Palmer – 10 children
David (1787-1861) m1. 1809 Lavinia Throop (1786-1824 at sea), d/o Ichabod and Lavinia Tingley Throop – 5 children
m2. 1831 Elizabeth Ward (1796-1870), d/o Jonathan and Dorothy Maxell Ward – 5 children
John (c. 1791-c. 1851) m. c. 1813 Kreziah Lockhart 1796-1851), d/o Timothy and Elizabeth Teed Lockhart – 9 children
Martin (1794-1871) m. 1816
d/o Robert and Rachel Peck Dixon – 11
Japhet (1796-1871) m. Ann Stultz (18??-1900) - 8 children
Benjamin Cole (1802-1874) in
m. 1824 Jane Lockhart (1806-1888), d/o Timothy and
Elizabeth Teed Lockhart – 12 children Lowell, MA
James (1804-?) m. 1826 Olive Lockhart, ( 1826-??), d/o Timothy and
Lockhart – 9 children Elizabeth
Ebenezer (1807- aft. 1828)
Zylpha (1808-1861) m. 1826
(1801-1851), s/o Benjamin and Mehitable (?)
Tower – 8 children Benjamin Tower
In all, 72 grandchildren were born to grandparents Martin and Zilpha Cole. Family stories say that Martin, s/o Jonathan and Abigail was gored by a bull in 1808, leaving Zilpha with a house full of children. Only the 2 or 3 oldest would have been on their own. I suppose they continued to help her run the farm until some of the younger children were able to help. It doesn’t appear that she married again, though that was a very common thing for a widow/widower to do.
For many long years the roads were poor, hardly more than trails. Most of the settlers relied on small boats to get them to and from other parts of the area. For this reason, many towns grew up on or near rivers or on or near the
Bay of Fundy. Jonathan’s
youngest, living son, Ebenezer headed to a new place. Into the Bay of Fundy
juts a peninsula with easy access to boats which could take them across the
tidal Memramcook River
to . Ebenezer established his farm on
this peninsula, which soon became known as Cole’s Point. Here, he and his first
wife, moved with their growing family in about 1802. He had married Martha
Grace in 1789. She was the d/o John and Mary Thompson Grace (Grace is the
surname). They had 7 children: Albert County
Jonathan (1791-1872) m. 1815, Sarah Wade (1793-1859) – 10 children
Michael Grace (1792-1869), m. 1810, Cynthia Estabrooks (1791-1882) d/o James and Sarah Lawrence Estabrooks – 13 children
Rufus (called Squire Rufus) (1796-1884) m. 1814, Lavinia Cutler (1797-1862), d/o Ebenezer and Olivia Dixon Cutler – 11 children
Ruth (1800-1826) m. 1820, John Calhoun (1795-1843), s/o John Rebecca Rand Calhoun – 4 children
Martha (1805-1890) m. 1824, Caleb Read (1803-1865), s/o William and Jemima Finney Read – 12 children
Martin (1809-1885), m1. 1830, Mary Smith (1811-c. 1870) – 6 children
m2. 1871 Phebe Parsons (1814-?) – no children
Ebenezer and Martha Grace Cole were the grandparents of at least 69 children. Infant mortality was high. Often babies died and somehow the records for them never survived. There could have been more children, but no information of them seems to exist.
Martha Grace Cole died in 1809, possibly in childbirth. This left Ebenezer with 7 children, Jonathan the oldest at 18 and possibly a new born. The men of that day worked long, back breaking hours with little or no time to care for a family’s needs. So in 1810, Ebenezer married again. His second wife was Margaret Wade. She has been a brick wall for 30+ years. So far nothing has been found about her life before she lived in
There were many Wades who came from New England and settled in Dorchester NB. and it’s
possible that she is connected to them somehow. The other possibility and I
believe this is more probable, is that she came from Nova Scotia Yorkshire.
The Colpitts family, living in the area, came from Yorkshire and had family
connections to Wade in Yorkshire.
Ebenezer and Margaret Wade were married on Aug. 10, 1810. Ordinarily, there would be a recorded birth within the first two years after the marriage, but none show up until the birth of Edward in 1815. Olive was b. on Jul. 14, 1817 and Silas was b. on Nov. 4, 1818. It’s possible there a couple of children born before Edward and there is evidence of infant burials near Ebenezer’s grave. However, no names or dates are on the stones so it’s not known to which marriage they may have been born.
Edward is my gt. gt. grandfather. It will be his line that I follow in the next episode. Three of Edward’s older half-siblings were married by the time he was born. At least two of them had children the same age as Edward and one of them had 3 or 4 children older than him. So he would have grown up knowing his nieces and nephews better than he did his siblings. Ebenezer continued to farm his land at Cole’s Point. His sons Rufus and Martin had taken over the quarries of their Uncle Martin (the one killed by a bull) and together they prepared and shipped grindstones all up and down the east coast. Martin was the Mariner while Rufus ran the business at home.
Then on Nov. 12, 1826, Ebenezer died at the age of 59. One story is that he drowned and his body was never recovered. A burial site and a stone are located on the property that was once his farmland. But no one really knows if there is a body there or if the stone was put there as a memorial. By this time, Edward is just a boy of 11 years and must have felt a great deal of responsibility thrust onto his shoulders. Edward continued to live on the farm and this is where his children were born.
Ebenezer and Margaret Wade Cole had 3 children:
Edward (1815-1897) m. 1841, Catherine Buck (1824-1904), d/o George and Phebe Palmer – 9 children
Olive (1817-1901) m. 1840, Reuben Salisbury Ward (1818-1895), s/o Jonathan and Dorothy Maxwell Ward – 12 children
Silas (1818-1809) m. 1849, Mary Davidson (1829-1884), d/o Oliver Davidson – 10 children
Ebenezer and Margaret had 31 grandchildren. All together, Ebenezer had (drum roll, please!!) 100 grandchildren and that’s only the ones that can be found. Granted he didn’t live long enough to know most of these grandchildren, in fact a quick scan of birth dates indicates he knew of 29 grandchildren before he died.
Ebenezer’s brother Martin had 72 grandchildren, combined with Ebenezer’s 100, amounts to 172 gt. grandchildren for Jonathan and Abigail Cole. This total does not include any children from the older two sons, James and Ambrose, back living in the States and any children of his one daughter, Patience Cole Halliday. It would be an easy stretch to stay that Jonathan and Abigail Cole had at least 200 gt. grandchildren.
Edward and Catherine Buck Cole will be the next agenda item.
The Chignecto Isthmus and its First Settlers, Howard Trueman, 1902
History of Sackville
, Dr. William Cochran Milner, 1934 New Brunswick
I apologize for not having pictures. For some reason the feature for adding images does not give me a place to choose a file. Without that function, I'm unable to access any of my pictures. If anyone has a clue about how to fix that please email me ThePyePlate@gmail.com