A blend of genealolgy, geography, time-lines and personal interests. Most will be about my family history, New England, the Maritime Provinces, England and a few other places associated with my family.
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Saturday, January 26, 2013
Ebenezer Cole and Dorchester, New Brunswick
Ebenezer, along with Joseph Read, were founders of the Baptists
of Sackville. Around 1802, Ebenezer moved to Dorchester
where he continued to farm. Two of his older sons, Rufus, called Squire Rufus
and Martin purchased the lands of their Uncle Martin, who had died in 1809.
Here they quarried grinding stones and shipped them all up and down the east
coast. Martin became the mariner and captained the ships that he and Rufus
owned, while Rufus tended to the business of the quarries. Squire Rufus and
Martin purchased a 60 ton schooner, Brant,
and then they built a vessel of 100 tons and called it Martha Grace, which they sailed for 12 years.According to some of the
histories written about this area, this business became quite successful, until
heavy duties imposed by the American Colonies made it cost prohibitive.
(1821-1846) m. Charles Calhoun – 3 children
Mary Ruth (1823-1890)
m. Stephen Barnes (1807-1872) – 5 children
Olive C. (1826-1862)
spinster school teacher
(1829-1918) m. Charlotte Smith - 7
(1831-1883) m. Adelia Jane Calkins (1851-1924) – 2 children
Elizabeth (1834-1864) m. Thomas Anderson (1840-1918). They married in 1863
and Ruth was lost at sea in a storm in 1864.
Lavinia V. (1837-1884)
m. Edwin Bennett (1841-1870) – 1 child
(1845-1870) m. Alfred Bennett They were
married in 1867 and then
Laleah was lost at sea in a storm.
Ebenezer’s youngest son from his first marriage was Martin
and he was the one who went into business with his older brother Squire Rufus.
Martin settled in Sackville, married Mary Smith in 1830 and had 6 children.
(1831-1862) m. Lucy Ann Snowden (1836-?) 2 children
(1834-1912) m. Margaret McIntyre (1849-1916) – 4 children
(1840 -?) Catherine Palmer (1841-1888) – 2 children
Bedford (1850-1924) – AdaTower (1856-1935) – 9 children
Ebenezer now had a second family, who were still quite
young. Ebenezer’s oldest son, Jonathan and his oldest daughter Elizabeth (Cole)
Palmer appear to be the only ones of his children, by his first marriage, who
remained in Dorchester. His daughter Ruth
(Cole) Calhoun removed to Albert Co., and his other daughter, Martha (Cole)
Read went to CT. When Ebenezer died in 1826, his second wife, Margaret, would have
been about 38 years old, with three children under the age of 11. I’ve found
nothing written in any of the histories nor does there seem to be any family
lore regarding how she managed the farm. Perhaps neighbors and family pitched
in to help keep things going. However it was managed, she was able to keep the
farm until her son Edward was old enough to take it over.
Edward was married in 1841 to Catherine Buck, d/o George and
Phebe (Palmer) Buck and the Ebenezer Cole farm now became the home of the next
generation of Coles. Edward and Catherine had 9 children. They were:
Ebenezer (1843-1867) m. Mary Ann Cook
Lucinda Jane (1845-1919) m1. Capt. William Edward Buck
(1840-1887 lost at sea), s/o James R. and Sarah
Mitton Buck. - 10 children;
m2. Capt. John
A. Cook (1844-1909 lost at sea), s/o George and
Ann Coffee Cook
*Rebecca Ellen (1854-1944) m. Alexander Scott Chambers
(1855-1887 lost at
sea), s/o James and Sarah MacPherson Chambers – 2 children
Edward William (1857-1908) m. Alice Dooe (1860-1934) – 7
Mary Abigail (1859-1925) m. John Muldoon (1847-1922), s/o
Alexander and Mary Flynn
Emma Frances (1863-1948), m. Edmond Cole (1857-1918), s/o
Martin and Sarah Crossman
Cole - 1 child
Margaret ((1866-1899) m. William Andrew Mitton (1858-1903), s/o
Andrew and Ruth Mitton
– 4 children
A newspaper clipping says that Edward’s son, Ebenezer, died
at his parents’ home. He was a sea Captain and his ship was the schooner William K. Chapman. Not all of the ships
from this area of NB were ‘coasters.’ Many went on much longer voyages, The
West Indies, Europe, Africa, even China. The clipping didn’t say what
the cause of death was, but bringing back a tropical disease from some far
distant port happened more often than one would think. Edward and Catherine had
already lost their son, David, in 1863, then they lost Ebenezer and soon to
follow, their daughter Phebe. In a matter of 6 years they lost three of their
children. Lucinda became the eldest, nearly ten years older than my gt.
grandmother Rebecca. The rest of the children grew to adulthood.
This was the day of sailing ships. Dorchester
became a major ship building center, with plenty of available timber and a good
harbor for launching ships. There were
three major ship builders in the Dorchester
area. Gideon Palmer began his ship yard in 1854, in Dorchester, William Hickman
moved to Dorchester in 1865 and took over an
already established shipyard. Robert Chapman’s shipyard was in Rockland. Overall, the ship building industry
lasted from about 1825 until 1899, but from mid-1820 to the 1860’s, it was
considered the Golden Age of Sailing. Dorchester
also became a port, of sorts. They exported timber, gypsum, and grinding stones
which could end up in any one of the major seacoast cities. The return cargo
might be coal or other goods that were not easily attainable in Dorchester.
Dorchester became a
prosperous community and those connected to the shipyards or sailing became
well respected citizens. Edward either gave up farming or greatly reduced the
farming he did, because around 1847 he began to run the subsidized ferry
between Hopewell Cape, Albert Co. and Cole’s Point.
As it is said, all good things must come to an end and that
applies to the shipbuilding of sailing ships. A new age is arriving. There are
now railroads springing up and ships are no longer relying on wind but on
steam. As the industry began to decline, there were fewer and fewer jobs to be
had. More and more of the Dorchester and
Sackville inhabitants began to relocate. Many chose other shipbuilding sites
along the east coast, other chose to go the bigger cities and take on a new
trade all together. Those who had built ships were now building houses, using
their carpenter’s skills. For many it was fortunate their skills were
transferable. It was the end of an era.
Edward Cole’s mother, Margaret, died in 1876. Edward and
Catherine continue to live in the Ebenezer house until he died in 1897.
Catherine would live until 1904. Their son Edward, and his wife Alice, with
their seven children also lived at the homestead.