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Wednesday, April 2, 2014

From Freeman to Doane

 To pick up the thread of the Freeman family, I will begin with a brief recap of John Freeman. He married Mercy Prence, the daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence and Patience Brewster, who was the daughter of Mayflower passenger William Brewster. John and Mercy had 10 children and at least 79 grandchildren. They are my 8th gt. Grandparents. I continue with with son, Edmond, and his wife Sarah Mayo.
John and Mercy had children:

      i. John (1651-1721) m. (in 1672) Sarah Merrick – 8 child
      ii. Thomas (1653-1715) m. (in 1673) Rebecca Sparrow (1655-1739) – 10 children                    3.   iii. Edmond (1657-1717)4 m1. (in 1677) Ruth Merrick                                                                                                                    m2. (c. 1681) Sarah Mayo (1660-1746) – 12 children                           iv. Mercy (1659-1744) m. (in 1679) Samuel Knowles (1651-1737) – 11 children
      v. William (1663-1687) m. Lydia Sparrow (1660-?) - 2 children
      vi. Patience (1664-1745) m. (in 1682) Samuel Paine (1652-1712) – 9 children
      vii. Hannah (1664-1743) m. (in 1681) John Mayo (1656-1727) - 8 children
      viii. Prince (1665-1665)
      ix. Nathaniel (1669-1760) m. Mary Howland (1664-1743) – 6 children
      x. Bennett (1671-1716) m. (in 1689) John Paine (1661-1731) – 13 children.

    1. Edmond married Ruth Merrick, also spelled Myrick, in 1677. She died before 1681, probably in childbirth, which was so often the case in colonial times. In 1681 Edmond married Sarah Mayo. She was the daughter of Samuel Mayo and his wife Thomasine Lumpkin. Edmond and Sarah lived in that part of Eastham called Tonsett, as shown by his father's will which gave Edmond the land he occupied. Edmond's uncle, also called Edmond lived in Sandwich, MA and had a son named Edmond. There has been some confusion, over the years, as to what information belongs to which Edmond. Since Edmond lived in Eastham, it pretty solid that he is the one who was a selectman for Eastham for seven years and was called Lieutenant.
                   i. Sarah (1682-1742) m. (in 1701) Benjamin Higgins – 14 children
              4. ii. Ruth (1684-1728) m. (in 1700 Israel Doane (1672-1740) – 6 children
                 iii. Mary (1685-1734) m. Samuel Hinckley – 2 children
                 iv. Isaac (1687-1732) m. (in 1714) Bethia Sturges – 7 children                                                          v. Experience (1689-1720) m. (in 1709) Thomas Gross (1678-1728) - 4 children
                vi. Ebenezer (1689-1760) m. (in 1710) Abigail Young – 4 children
               vii. Thankful (1693-1764) m. (in 1718) Jonathan Snow (1692-1764) – 8 children
              viii. Mercy (1693-1759) m. (in 1717) Thomas Cobb – 9 children
                ix. Elizabeth (1695-?) m. Isaac Pepper – unknown children
                x. Hannah (1698-1751) m. (in 1717) Christian Remick – 9 children
                xi. Edmond (1702-1782) m1. (in 1725) Lois Paine (1705-1725) - 1 child
                                                          m2. (in 1729) Sarah Sparrow – 2 children                                                   xii. Rachel (1704-?) m. (in 1729) Thomas Gray – 8 children                                               
Edmond and Sarah Mayo Freeman had at least 74 grandchildren. However, there could be more. I was unable to find any reliable information concerning Elizabeth Freeman and Isaac Pepper. Also to be noted, both Isaac Pepper and Christian Remick had mother's who were named Freeman. I haven't taken the time to properly investigate this, but it appears that they are from a different family of Freemans. They may have been related back in England, in some way, through a common ancestor, but I didn't pursue that line.

Now to continue on with Ruth Freeman and Israel Doane, my 6th gt. Grandparents. Their children, all born in Eastham, Barnstable Co., MA, were:
                   i. Israel (1701-?) no further info
                  ii. Prence (1704-1751 in Saybrook CT) m. (in 1726) Elizabeth Godfrey – 8 children
                 iii. Abigail (1706-?) m. (in 1731) Thomas Snow – 4 children
                 iv. Elnathan (1709-? in Doansburg, Putnam Co. NY) m. Martha Paddock
                 v. Daniel (1714-?) m. no further info                                                                                                 5. vi. Edmond (1718-1806 in Barrington NS Canada) m. (in 1749) Elizabeth Osborn                                                           (Merrick, Paine)

Edmond Osborn married Elizabeth Osborn as her third husband. She married her first husband, William Merrick (Myrick), in 1734. William was born in Harwich MA and was a Mayflower descendant of Stephen Hopkins. He was lost at sea in 1742. They had three children:
William Merrick, b. 1734
Gideon, who was mentioned in his grandfather's will
Elizabeth – no further info

Elizabeth married her second husband, William Paine, in 1744 and he died in 1746. This was his was his second marriage as well. This William is also a Mayflower descendant of Stephen Hopkins. Elizabeth (Osborn, Merrick) Paine and William had one child:

William Paine, b. 1746, d. 1812 in NY, NY according to Paine Family Records he was the father of John Howard Paine, actor and poet noted as the creator of:

 “Home Sweet Home”
Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam,                                                                        Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home;                                                                          A charm from the skies seems to hallow us there,                                                                  Which seek thro' the world, is ne'er met elsewhere.                                                                Home! Home! Sweet, sweet home!                                                                                         There's no place like home                                                                                                       There's no place like home!

Elizabeth married her third husband, Edmond Doane in 1749 and their family grew to include seven Doane children. It is most likely that Elizabeth's son, William Paine (Payne) was also part of this family. Nothing has been found to show he grew up in another family. In the autumn of 1761, the family sailed from Nathaniel Mayo's Landing in Orleans MA to the Cape Sable District in Nova Scotia. The winds were unfavorable and they arrived at Liverpool instead where they spent the winter. The following spring they again headed for Cape Sable and were among the earliest settlers of Barrington. The first people of English descent to settle the coves, harbors and shores of southwestern Nova Scotia, were fishermen from Cape Cod and Nantucket. These men had been to these waters and knew the abundance of fish available. So when the lands became available in 1757/58, many New England families applied for lands to settle near Cape Sable. It took until 1761/62 for a a large group of settlers, representing some of the best families of Cape Cod and Nantucket to arrive and establish the town now known as Barrington. For the most part, the public records of the times shows these new settlers to be intelligent and educated men, some with more than the ordinary schooling. Two old account books give evidence that Edward Doane kept a store from 1762-1767. This was a general store featuring rum, flour by the pound, molasses, sugar, salt by the hogshead, medicine, dry goods, hardware, etc. It appears he received his supplies from his brother-in-law, John Homer, a merchant of Boston. In return, Edward would ship to him alewives, herring and other fish found in the waters of Nova Scotia.
Tiring of the hardships and conditions of life in Nova Scotia, he sold his property to his brother-in-law, John Homer, in 1776, for £132, intending to return to New England. However a large number of townspeople signed a petition, asking for a grant of town land to be set aside for Elizabeth, Edmond's wife, in consideration of her valuable medical services. Since they had sold their property, they no longer had a place to live. The land granted to them at Johnson's Point was where they settled and spent their remaining days. 
    1. vi. Edmond Doane and Elizabeth Osborn had children all born in Eastham, MA:
                      i.. Israel (1750-?) m. (in 1772) Desire Nickerson – 7 children
                     ii. Samuel O. (1752-?) m. Sarah Harding – 9 children
                    iii. Prince (1753- Lost at sea)
                    iv. Jedidah (1754-?) m. Ansel Crowell - 5 children
                     v. Ruth (1756-?) m. Hemen Kenney – 11 children
                6. vi. Abigail (1758-1847) m. Hezekiah Smith – 15 children
                   vii. Edmond (1759-?) m. Tamsin Hamilton – 9 children
                                         Photos are of Cape Light on Cape Sable Island                                         
For those interested, there was a Doane Family Reunion in 2012. The day's activities, a memorial service and many other interesting items are presented on-line in an e-book. The URL was impossibly long to include here, but you should be able to find the site by doing a Google on Edward Doane and Elizabeth Osborn. It can be converted to a PDF file for easier reading.

The Mayflower Families Through Five Generations Vol. 6

The Great Migration Begins

Monday, March 24, 2014

Edmond Honington Freeman c 1574- c 1624

    Edmond Honington Freeman and his wife Alice are my 10x great grandparents. They were apparently fairly well established in England and it appears that at least some of their offspring were educated.

Edmond Honington Freeman was b. c. 1572 in Pulborough, co. Sussex, England. He was the s/o John Freeman and Tryphona Isham.1 {Pronounced Eye-sham} She was from Northamptonshire, probably from a place called Isham. This name is a habitational name taking the Celtic word for the River Ise and combining it with the Old English word Ham, meaning 'homestead.' 2 She may have been related to Sir John Isham, High Sheriff of Northamptonshire.3 Edmond married Alice Coles, b. c. 1574- 1652 and they lived their entire lives in England. Edmond died when he was 52. Alice spent her later years with her daughter Alice and her son-in-law John de Beauchamp (Beecham). He was also a contributor to the Plymouth Colony but he never removed to there.

They married in Pulborough and had 6 children:
  1. i. Edmond (1596-1682) m1. (in 1617) Bennett Hodsall (1597-1630) – 6 children                                                           m2. (in c. 1635) Elizabeth Unknown – 1 child
    1. William (1600-1666) m. Christian Hodsall (1600-1638)
    2. Alice (1601-?) m. John de Beauchamp
    3. Eleanor (1603-1618)
    4. John (1606-1629)
    5. Elizabeth (1609-?)
1.   Edmond Freeman, b. in Billinghurst, co. Sussex and Bennett Hodsall, b. in Pulborough, co.         Sussex were married on Oct 12 1617 in Gravely, England. Bennett died in Pulborough on           Apr 12 1630 at the age of 32. He married his second wife, Elizabeth (it has been                        suggested her name was Gurney), in England and in 1635 departed on the ship Abigail with       his wife, 2 sons and 2 daughters. It is said he was a man of “much consideration in England       and brought with him much valuable plate.” He first settled in Lynn, Massachusetts Bay                 Colony, but after receiving permission from the Plymouth Colony for a grant of land, he                 moved to Sandwich around 1637. Edmond's family may have had connections with families       of the aristocracy. His sister's marriage to John de Beauchamp indicates her social                     position. The de Beauchamp family had roots in Normandy and one branch of the family             had been Earls of Warwick. Over 200-300 years the family had long time relationships with         many of the notable noble families of England. Bennett Hodsall's parents were John Hodsall       and Faith Gratwick. There is much confusion concerning this couple's dates of birth and             marriage. There doesn't seem to be any reliable sources to turn to, so I will merely present         them as the parents of Bennett Hodsall. (N.B. - the name is also spelled Hodsoll and                   sometimes with only one 'l'.)

Edmond and Bennett had children:

               i. Alice (1619-1651) m. (in 1639) William Paddy
              ii. Edmond (1620-1673) m. (in 1646) Rebecca Prence
             iii. Bennett (1621-1633)
              iv. Elizabeth (1624-1692) m. (in 1644) John Ellis
          2. v. John (1626-1719) m. (in 1649/50) Mercy Prence (1631-1711) – 10 children
             vi. Nathaniel (1629-1629)
 2.   John married Mercy Prence, d/o Gov. Thomas Prence and Patience Brewster and sister of         Rebecca who married John's brother Edmond. Mercy was b. bef. Sep 28 1631 in                         Plymouth Colony and she died in 1711 in Eastham, MA. John was prominent in public                 affairs as a deputy, selectman and as an assistant to the Gov. He was a deacon in the                 church and a Major in the military. He was a large land holder in the Orleans part of                       Eastham throughout his life. He was an early settler of Eastham along with Gov. Thomas             Prence and has often been considered one of its Founding Fathers. On his death, his will           gave his two slaves their freedom and conditions to ensure their well being, as well as                 providing bequests to his children.

John and Mercy had children:

              i.. John (1651-1721) m. (in 1672) Sarah Merrick – 8 child
             ii. Thomas (1653-1715) m. (in 1673) Rebecca Sparrow (1655-1739) – 10 children             3.     iii. Edmond (1657-1717)4 m1. (in 1677) Ruth Merrick
                                                         m2. (c. 1681) Sarah Mayo (1660-1746) – 12 children
            iv. Mercy (1659-1744) m. (in 1679) Samuel Knowles (1651-1737) – 11 children
             v. William (1663-1687) m. Lydia Sparrow (1660-?) - 2 children
            vi. Patience (1664-1745) m. (in 1682) Samuel Paine (1652-1712) – 9 children
           vii. Hannah (1664-1743) m. (in 1681) John Mayo (1656-1727) - 8 children
          viii. Prince (1665-1665)
            ix. Nathaniel (1669-1760) m. Mary Howland (1664-1743) – 6 children
             x. Bennett (1671-1716) m. (in 1689) John Paine (1661-1731) – 13 children.
       All descendants of John and Mercy Prence Freeman are Mayflower Descendants of                     William Brewster. The husbands of Patience and Bennett were brothers and Mayflower               Descendants of Stephen Hopkins. Edmund's wife and Hannah's husband were brother an         sister. With the children I have been able to find, John and Mercy were the grandparents of         at least 79 grandchildren.

                                               John Freeman

Mercy Freeman

                                                                 The burial site

The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Vols. I-III
Find a Grave
  2. Barnstable County Probate Records

Tuesday, March 4, 2014

William Nickerson (1604-1689) Chatham, Cape Cod, MA 2nd line of descent

With this post, I will show the second line of descent from William Nickerson, through his daughter ii. Sarah.

i. William Nickerson and Anne Busby had children:
Nicholas (1628 Norwich, Eng - 1683 Yarmouth, MA, m. Mary Darby – 1 child
ia. Elizabeth (1629 Norwich, Eng – 1706 Monomoit, MA m. Robert Eldredge – 9                               children 
Robert (1631 Norwich, Eng – 1710) m. Rebecca Cole
Thomas (1633-1633 Norwich, Eng)
Anne (1631 Norwich, Eng – 1681) m. Tristram Hedges
Samuel (1638 Yarmouth, MA – c. 1719 Harwich, MA) m. Mary Bell
John (1640 Yarmouth, MA – 1714) m. Sarah Williams
iib. Sarah (1644 Yarmouth, MA – c. 1716 Yarmouth MA) m. Nathaniel Covel – 6                               children
iiic. William (1646 Yarmouth, MA – 1719 Chatham, MA) m. Mercy Williams - 7                                                           children
Joseph (1647- Yarmouth, MA – c. 1730 Harwich, MA) m. Ruhumah Jones – 2                                                              children

iib. Sarah Nickerson must have been an able administrator as she was engaged in several land transactions after her father’s death. William had arranged for the management of his entire domain to be handled by Sarah, which she did competently. Nathaniel Covel came to Boston on Aug 26, 1653, at the age of 9, to be the indentured servant of Edward Winslow. Nathaniel’s father had arranged for this as he lay dying. For part of the 7 years, Mr. Winslow assigned Nathaniel to Peregrine White, his son-in-law. When his indenture was over, Nathaniel moved to Yarmouth where he met and married Sarah Nickerson. Note that the name is spelled both Covel and Covell. To be consistent I’ve chosen the former.

iib. Sarah Nickerson and Nathaniel Covel had 6 children:
Elizabeth (1666-bef. 1747) m. (in 1688) Jehosaphat Eldredge (1658-1732) – 7                                                           children
Sarah (1669-1713) m. (in 1688) Benjamin Phillips (1668-1747)
Nathaniel (1670-?) m. (in 1697) Judith Nickerson (?- c. 1746)
William (1673-1760) m. Sarah Unknown
iiib. Joseph (1675-1741) m. (in 1704) Hannah Bassett (1669-1741) – 7 children
Ephraim (1677-1748) m. Mercy Brown – 1 child

iiib. Joseph Covel was married first to Lydia Stewart, who died before 1703. There was one child from this marriage but there is no further information, leading one to think the child and mother may have died together. He married Hannah Bassett in 1704 and had 7 children.
iiib. Joseph Covel and Hannah Bassett had 7 children:
ivb. Sarah (1705-1790) m. (in 1723) William Nickerson* (1701-1763) – 12                                         children
Constant (1706-1772) m. Ebenezer Nickerson* (c. 1697-?) – 7 children
James (c. 1709-?) m. Mehitable Nickerson*
Joseph (1710-?)
Nathaniel (?-?) m. Mary Chase
Dorcas (1714-1803) m. James Nickerson* (1704-1757) 1 – child
Hannah (1714-?)
 (*An interesting note on the above marriages to Nickersons. None of these Nickersons were siblings.)

ivb. Sarah Covel married in 1723 William Nickerson:
This William Nickerson was b. in Chatham, MA, May 15 1701 and died Feb 1763 in Chatham, MA, at age 61.  He married ivb. Sarah Covel in 1723.  It is written of William's death that he "drowned in a creek out of a canoe last week and is not found yet". His estate was proved 3 May 1763 and lists books, guns, a sword, spinning wheels and yarn, a mare, oxen, 2 heifers, 11 sheep, 10 lambs, his land at Monomessett Neck (now Nickerson Neck) with all the buildings thereon. In the division of his estate, 24 Jul 1772, Sarah received a woodlot in Harwich near Great Long Pond and a part of Monomesset Neck - "the west end with the buildings thereon - land runs into the Bay (Pleasant Bay) and near Salt Pond". William was thought to be somewhat of a religious fanatic and joined the new movement of "Separatists" or "New Lights". This sect, which first appeared in Connecticut and grew rapidly, had broken away from the established Church. They entertained more liberal views, believing, among other things, that a true preacher need not have a formal education and that the mode of performing the baptismal rite should be a matter of personal choice. They objected strenuously to being taxed for the support of the ministers of the Standing Order and submitted many fruitless petitions requesting to be relieved from this tax. On refusal to pay the tax some highly respectable men were imprisoned in Barnstable jail. In the 1740's, Joshua, William and Samuel Nickerson of Harwich were active in this movement. For a reason, that has not been discovered, he was known as William "Red Stockings". "Chatham Records April ye 18, 1739. I ye widow bassit of Chatham do oblige my self to you William Nickerson red stocking of said town if I can't find or make more by any means by your wife or find it my self I do forfit two coverleds of like sort said witness our hands - Nathan bassit, Nathaniel Bassit. Mary Bassit  X her mark."

ivb. Sarah Covel and William Nickerson had 12 children:
Absalom (1724-?) m. Sarah Unknown – 1 child
Deliverance (1726-1780) m. (in 1742) Ebenezer Eldredge (1709-1797) – 12                                          children
Stephen (1726-1801) m.1 (c. 1750) Dorcas Nickerson (1727-1787) – 5 children                                                    divorced c. 1769
                                 m.2  (in 1782) Martha Adams Hallett (1760-1830)                                                               – 4 children
James (1730-1781) m. (in 1749) Mehitable Covel
Mercy (1732-1805) m. (in 1752) Hemen Kenney (1732-1775)
vb. Elizabeth (1735-1826) m. (in 1752) Archelaus Smith (1734-1821)
William (1736-?) m. Martha Ellis (1737-1785)
Lumbart (1739-?) m. Eunice Rider
Susannah (1741-?) m. (in 1762) Isaac Howes
Joshua (1743-?) m. (in 1763) Deborah Rider
Gideon (1746-1811) m. (in 1764) Sarah Bearse (1748-1815) – 12 children

Their daughter vb. Elizabeth Nickerson m. Archelaus Smith, a descendant of Ralph Smith of Eastham, MA.  {See my blog on Ralph Smith for more information on this family.}

vb. Elizabeth Nickerson was b. in Chatham, MA, May 15 1735.  Elizabeth died Apr 2 1828 in Cape Sable Is., at age 92.  She was married to Archelaus Smith, Jul 16 1752 in Chatham, MA, by Rev. Stephen Emery.  Archelaus went to Barrington, N.S. in the summer of 1758. The following account is given:
          "Archelous Smith had sent for his family to come from Cape Cod to Barrington, but owing to evil reports about the Indians sent a message to the contrary. When, however, he was departing through West Passage, his wife and four children were coming in the East Passage in Capt. Eldad Nickerson's vessel. Some fishermen, making fish at the Head, helped Mrs. Smith and made a log house for her and left her what provisions they could when they went away. He was storm-stayed and unable to get back that winter with food and his house frame. The Indians helped her at times and she fought off the bears with fire brands". Elizabeth Smith at her death left five children, 56 grandchildren, 297 great-grandchildren, 64 of the fifth, and one of the sixth generation living, exclusive of a daughter in the United States, who had a large family and of several grandchildren who had removed from Barrington. 
                                                                                            Archelaus Smith Museum
          " Enjoyed the power before she died,   
          Of saying what's to most denied,
            Rise daughter, to thy daughter run,
            Thy daughter's daughter has a son."

She was described as a tall, masculine woman with an energetic temperament.

vb. Elizabeth Nickerson and Archelaus Smith had 8 children:
Susannah (1753-1738) m. (in 1767) Joseph Atwood (1749-?) – 17 children
vib. Hezekiah (1754-1834) m. (in 1774) Abigail Doane (1758-1847) – 15 children
Mercy (1759-1845) m. (c. 1787) John Cunningham (1755-1845) – 8 children Eunice (1760-?) m. (in 1776) Henry Newell – 4 children
James (1762-1843) m. (in1784) Sarah Wilson – 6 children             
Stephen (1764-1826) m. (in 1785) Sarah Hinckley               
Archelaus, Jr . (1766-1836) m. (in 1785) Patience Hamilton – 2 children
Hannah (1768-?) m. (in 1785) Daniel Vincent

(nb. I have only included the numbers of children that I could find. They don’t add up to 56, so there are several missing.)

vib. Hezekiah Smith m. Abigail Doane. They had 15 children:
Hezekiah, Jr. (1775-?) m. (in 1774) Mercy Crowell – 1 child
John Osborne (1777-1823 m. Elizabeth Nickerson (1782-?)
William (1780-1817) m.  (in 1799) Mary Nickerson
James (1782-1842) m. (in 1805) Jane McLaren
Stephen (1784-1785)
viib. Stephen (1786-1870) m. in 1809) Elizabeth Spinney (1789-1874) – 9                              children
Hannah (1788-?) m. (in 1813) John Cunningham (1788-1871) – 7 children
Israel (1790-?) m. Maria Brooks
Abigail (1792-?) m. William Atkinson
Edward (1794-?) m. Susanna Gardner
Elizabeth (1795-1814)
Mehetabel (1797-1798)
Keziah (1799-?) m. Duncan McCallum Cunningham -3 children
Charles (1802-?)
Susannah (1803-1818)

viib. Stephen Smith and Elizabeth Spinney had 9 children:
Abigail (1813-1899) m. Eleazer Crowell
Reliance (1815-?) m.1 Oldham Brown
                            m.2 Benjamin Smith -3 children
Stephen (1817-?) m. Hannah Williams (1822-1884)
Elias (1819-?) m. Harriet Lewis (1816-?)
Nathaniel (1821-?) m. Eliza Unknown
viiib. Rachel (1823-1881) m.1 John Conrad Swansburg (1789-1850) – 3 children
                                                                                    m.2 Samuel Scarr (c. 1814-?) – 2 children
Mary (1825-?)
Susannah (1827-1870) m. Alexander Phillips
Osborne Doane (1829-?) m. Lucinda Unknown
Bartlet Covel (1833-?) m. Susan Unknown
Nehmiah Melvin (1833-1920) m. Jedidah Kimball Hopkins (1830-?) – 3 children

viiib. Rachel Smith Swansburg and Samuel Scarr
ix. Mary Ellen Scarr and Henry Gordon Carmichael
x. Nora Edith Carmichael and Jesse Pye – my grandparents

Barrington Township and Vicinity, Shelburne County, Nova Scotia, 1604-1870, Edwin Crowell, M.A., D.D., 1923

Thursday, February 27, 2014

William Nickerson (1604-1689) Chatham, Cape Cod, MA

William Nickerson was born Oct. 16 1604 in Norwich, England, the son of William and Alice (nee?) Nickerson. About 1627 he married Anne Busby, born Feb 7 1607 in Norwich, England. She was the daughter of Nicholas and Bridget Cocke, both of Norwich, England. William was a weaver by trade.

In 1637, due to the persecutions of Bishop Wren, (Bishop of Norwich), whose zealous efforts against non-conformists (Puritans) drove over 3000 small craftsmen out of the country, William decided to go to the colonies with his family, and their examination just before their departure from England reads thus: "The examination of William Nickerson of Norwich, in Norfolk, weaver, aged 33, and Anne, his wife, aged 28, with four children, Nicho, Robart, Elizabeth, Anne are desirous to go to Boston in New England there to inhabit. April 8, 1637."  (Hottens History of Immigrants).

They sailed from Yarmouth, England, April 15, 1637, on the Ship John and Dorothy, Capt. William Andrews, Master, accompanied by the consort Rose, commanded by the Captain's son. With them sailed his wife's parents, and all the Nickerson children. In the same party was 18 year old Samuel Lincoln, the ancestor of Abraham Lincoln, and also of Joseph Lincoln, the famous author of Cape Cod stories. They arrived in Salem, MA, in New England on Jun 20 1637. 

The Nickerson’s stayed in the Boston area and Yarmouth for the next 20 years adding another five children to their family: Samuel, John, Sarah, William, and Joseph.  In 1656, Nickerson pulled a cart down an ancient Indian path onto land occupied by Mattaquason, the Mononmoyick Sachem. They struck a deal and Nickerson acquired 4 square miles of land. For this he paid: a shallop, 10 coats, 6 kettles, 12 axes, 12 hoes, 12 knives, 40 shillings in wampum, a hat, and 12 shillings in coin.  However, all this took place without the approval of the authorities in the Plymouth Colony.  It would be 16 years until his disputed purchase was settled by the courts with Nickerson paying a 90 pound fine and obtaining deeds from Mattaquason and his son John.

Chatham was known as Monomoit until 1712, when Rev. Adams became a resident minister. Its status was changed from a constablewick to a town and it’s name became Chatham, taken from an English seaport.

William and Anne had 10 children, 7 of whom lived to receive allotments of land when William died in 1689.  Other families had begun to move into the area and, for the most part, they were farmers. But it was William Nickerson who was considered the founder of Monomoit.

Their children were:
Nicholas (1628 Norwich, Eng - 1683 Yarmouth, MA, m. Mary Darby – 1 child
i. Elizabeth (1629 Norwich, Eng – 1706 Monomoit, MA m. Robert Eldredge – 9                       children 
Robert (1631 Norwich, Eng – 1710) m. Rebecca Cole
Thomas (1633-1633 Norwich, Eng)
Anne (1631 Norwich, Eng – 1681) m. Tristram Hedges
Samuel (1638 Yarmouth, MA – c. 1719 Harwich, MA) m. Mary Bell
John (1640 Yarmouth, MA – 1714) m. Sarah Williams
ii. Sarah (1644 Yarmouth, MA – c. 1716 Yarmouth MA m. Nathaniel Covel – 6                        children
iii. William (1646 Yarmouth, MA – 1719 Chatham, MA) m. Mercy Williams -7                         children
Joseph (1647- Yarmouth, MA – c. 1730 Harwich, MA) m. Ruhumah Jones – 2                         children

The original settler, William Nickerson is my 9th great grandfather in three different ways. The first one is Elizabeth, who married Robert Eldred/Eldredge in 1649, Yarmouth MA. The other two lines to William Nickerson, Senior, will be dealt with separately.

i. Elizabeth Nickerson married Robert Eldredge, although this name appears as Eldred at first. They had:

ia. Nicholas (1650-1702) m. Elizabeth Unknown in 1679 - 3 children

          Smith, William Christopher. A history of Chatham, Massachusetts: formerly the constablewick or village of Monomoit : with maps and illustrations and numerous genealogical notes. (Hyannis, Mass.: F.B. & F.P. Goss, 1989), 148-9.  “On April 30, 1702, he [Jonathan Vickery] went out in an open boat with a party of villages, probably on a fishing or whaling trip. The boat in some way was overturned, it is supposed, and all in the parter (sic.) were drowned. The names of his companions are nowhere given, but it is certain that Lieut. Nicholas Eldredge, William Cahoon and Edward Small  perished with him." [The footnote says that probate records state that they each died on April 30.]

Mary (1651-?) m. John Smith
Robert (1654-1732)
Hannah (1656-aft. 1706)
William (1656-1749)
Martha (1658-aft 1706)
Joseph (1662-1735) m. Elizabeth Jones
Bridget (1664-aft. 1706) m. William Long
Samuel (1666-?) m. Elizabeth Hedges

ia. Nicholas and Elizabeth Eldredge had 3 children:
          (Also to be noted at about this time the name has another spelling change and is seen as Eldridge.)

iia. Martha (c 1700-1740) m. (in 1723) Benjamin Snow (1701-1748) Mayflower descendant of Stephen Hopkins. All descendants of this couple can claim Mayflower descendancy. She was mentioned in her father’s will of 1702.

Elizabeth (c. 1685-1735)  m. Samuel Harding (c. 1686-c. 1735). Samuel was a Mayflower descendant through his mother Bethia Cooke. Francis Cooke was a Separatist and arrived in the new world on the Mayflower.

James – no further info

iia.  Martha and Benjamin Snow had 4 children all born in Eastham, MA.

Kezia (1724-?) She and Ruth were likely twins.
Ruth (1724-?)

Martha (1726-beg. 1776) m. Simeon Higgins and is also a descendant of Mayflower passenger Stephen Hopkins, through his mother Elizabeth Ring.

iiia.  Nathan (1732-1814 Nova Scotia) m. (in 1758) Mary “Polly” Horn (?-1814)

Next is iiia. Nathan Snow who married Mary “Polly” Horn in 1758. In some places I have seen her listed as Mary Polly, Polly being the last name. There was a name ‘Polle’ at the time that could have been her name. However, Find a Grave has her listed as Mary Horn with Polly as a middle, or perhaps, nickname. It is also entirely possible that she was a widow when she married Nathan and her maiden name was Mary Polle (Polly) and she had been married to a man named Horn. Unless further information comes to light, it’s unlikely that we will ever know the true identity of Nathan Snow’s wife.  Nathan and Mary were married in Eastham and at some time after that, departed New England for Barrington, Nova Scotia.

iiia. Nathan and Mary Snow had 12 children:

iva. Susannah (c 1757-1814) m. (in 1776) John Spinney (1755-1842)                                     – 8 children
Nathan (1761-1821) m. Mercy Smith
Benjamin (1763-1814) m. Sarah Smith
James (1763-?)
William (1765-1843)
Stephen (1767-?) m. Elizabeth Smith
Seth (1769-?) m. Rebecca Smith
John (1771-1824) m. (in 1794) Hannah Smith -1 child
Elizabeth (1773-?) m. (in 1794) Jonathan Smith
Hezekiah (1774 – 1818) m. Lydia Covell
Josiah (1778-?) m. Nancy Hipson
Howes Stewart (1783-1868) m. (in 1802) Sophia Smith

In the next generation, iva. Susannah Snow married John Spinney. There is some question about his birth. He was born aboard ship but it isn’t known if his parents were coming from England to settle in New England or if they had settled in Canada and were returning to New England for some purpose. Whatever the case may be, John Spinney was born on a ship headed for Marblehead MA and that is where his birth seems to have been recorded. Susannah and John were married in Barrington, Nova Scotia and had 8 children:

iva. Susannah and John Spinney had 8 children:

Thomas (1776-?) m. (in 1803) Sarah Dexter
Sarah (1779-?) m1. (in 1805) John Lyle; m2. (in 1794) Isaac Huskins
John (1784-1879) m. Mercy Atwood  - 5 children
Mary (1786-?) m. (in 1807) Theophilus Crowell
Susannah (1787-?) m. (in 1807) Nathaniel Smith
va. Elizabeth (1789-1874) m. (in 1809) Stephen Smith - 9 children
Deborah (1793-?) m. Joseph Atwood – 6 children
William Doherty (1799-?) m. (in 1822) Mary Unknown

va. Elizabeth Spinney married Stephen Smith in 1809 and had 9 children. From this point on the descendancy has already been described in my blog on the Ralph Smith Family.

The rest of the descent from va. Elizabeth and Stephen is:

Rachel Smith m. Samuel Scarr
Mary Ellen Scarr m. Henry Gordon Carmichael
Nora Carmichael m. Jesse Pye  -  my grandparents

This is the descent from ia. Elizabeth Nickerson and Robert Eldered/Eldredge/Eldridge.

Mayflower Families #6 Hopkins, by John D. Austin

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

The de la Mares in England

Using the premise that Robert de la Mare, The Norman, held lands in England during the reign of Edward the Confessor, it is easy to see how the family took up residence there after the Battle of Hastings. There is nothing to support the claim that William and Hugh FitzNorman de la Mare, brothers, were with William the Conqueror on Oct 12 1066. There are lists that say they were, but those lists were produced centuries after the fact. That’s not to say they didn’t fight in that war, it’s just not something that we can prove. They were given lands for some sort of service to the King, but we’ll probably never know what that service was. It would stand to reason that the eldest son, possibly named Robert de la Mare after his father, remained in Normandy to assume the duties of the land holder there. Younger sons would have been more adventurous and would likely want lands of their own that would not be available to them if they stayed in Normandy.

So in the years following the Battle of Hastings, the de la Mare men established themselves in several different counties in the south west of England.  Around the year 1070, several notations in various records make mention of the family. They are referred to as de la Mare, de Mara, Delemere, de Kilpec and FitzNorman. William FitzNorman seemed be centered in Herefordshire, with additional holdings in Shropshire (which was then known as Salopshire) and Gloucestershire. Hugh FitzNorman was one of five knights who held prominence in Cheshire, under the Earl of Cheshire, Hugh d’Avranches, and is listed as a grantee in the Palatinate of Cheshire. He is listed as de Mara or FitzNorman by George Ormerod in The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester. By 1086, the year of the Domesday Book, Hugh FitzNorman, also styled de Kilpec, held lands of Hugh d’Avranches, Earl of Cheshire, also known as Hugh Lupus, the Wolf. This last name was meant to reflect how the Welsh thought of him because of the ferocity of his attacks upon them. Hugh FitzNorman became Lord of Leigh (Lea) and held a large estate in Cheshire. He had a son, William FitzHugh FitzNorman and a grandson, Simon FitzWilliam FitzHugh. His line ended with this grandson and all lands and titles reverted to the descendants of Hugh’s brother, Ralph FitzNorman and the Barons of Montalt. Ralph was the Dapifer or Seneschal of the Palatinate of Cheshire. There was another brother, Roger FitzNorman also mentioned in Ormerod’s book. If Roger had family, it wasn’t discussed in this book, as the full focus was put on the Barons of Montalt.  The family name gradually changed to ‘de Monte-Alto.’ The seats of this Barony were located at Hawarden and Mold, where little or nothing remains of the manors.
                                                        The Cheshire countryside

As I’ve pointed out, the FitzNomans had holdings in more than one county. So far I’ve been able to find for William FitzNorman, 8 holdings in Herefordshire and 3 in Gloucestershire. For Hugh FitzNorman I have found 8 holdings in Cheshire.  I still have several more counties to search.  I shall return with more information.

The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, George Ormerod

Domesday Book, Thomas Hinde

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Medieval Names and Family Connections

Anyone who decides to research their family names, reaching back to medieval times in England, needs to be aware of a few really important things concerning names and how they were used.  Surnames have not always been there. For royalty, they came into use when William the Conqueror came to England in 1066. However it took another 200-300 years for surnames to be commonly used among the general population. Many areas of England used patronymics such as in Wales where ap, ab or av was added in front of a name. Gruffyd ap Rhys became Price, Daffyd ab Owen became Bowen, Miles ap Harry became Parry or Perry. There was also a Norman tradition of adding Fitz to a given name, such as FitzGerald, son of Gerald, FitzOsbern, son of Osbern, and FitzAlan, son of Alan. The addition of ‘son’ after a name showed the Danish influence, Adamson, Godwinson, Haroldson, to name a few. Danish daughters, on the other hand, were not given the same treatment.  Harold’s daughter would have been Haroldsdottir, Adam’s daughter would have been Adamsdottir and so on. A girl in the FitzGerald family would often use the place of birth, such as Emma de Teesbury (this is a fictional example) since that is where the family was when she was born. Her brothers would all be FitzGeralds, but she would be de Teesbury. To complicate things further, the father of the family could have a specific name such as de Pitres, but his son became the Sheriff of Gloucester so his son’s names was Walter of Gloucester. His grandson also became Sherriff of Gloucester and was known as Miles of Gloucester. Miles’ daughters all seem to be de Pitres and his sons were all called FitzMiles (these are known people)
This is in no way meant to scare a researcher off. It is simply a ‘heads up’ because you need to be prepared for any combination of names and spellings. They used their family names, place of birth, current living location and any titles they may have concurrently. For instance, one person could be known by his family name, by his place of birth, by an inherited or bestowed title all in the same paragraph. Spelling did not become standardized until the late 1800’s, so spelling was variable. I have seen copies of letters written where people’s names were mentioned and within the same letter, the names were spelled in several different ways. Be prepared for every eventuality when it comes to medieval names and spelling. Don’t dismiss a link because it isn’t spelled the way it is spelled today or the way you think it has to be spelled.

The other caveat is a couple of sources people use and should not. The Battle Abbey Roll and the Falaise Rolls have been discredited as to having any reliability in genealogy research. They were written in the 19th and 20th centuries, some say to help promote tourism in France and England and/or to raise a families status by giving them a pedigree. I can’t attest to the motivation for writing them, but I can pass on the word that serious historical researchers do not accept them as resources. A further note on this is Debrett’s Peerage is not highly recommended either.

My own research has taken me deep into the heart of several counties where I found de la Mare families located. If you wonder why I would find an interest in this name, it’s because it is the ancient name of the Pye Family. It took several hundred years and several different forms before it became Pye. But it did start out as a Norman name and following all the twists and turns it has taken, at times, has been a nightmare. I nearly gave up many times but the challenge remained there, calling me. What I have found is by no means complete. I’m grateful that I was able to answer a few of the questions I had.

I found that Edward the Confessor, King of England, had an interest in Normandy as his mother, Emma, was a Norman. {William the Conqueror was Emma’s nephew.} Edward had encouraged Normans to come to England and quite a few did. There is some evidence that the family of de la Mare were already land holders in Herefordshire before the Battle of Hastings in 1066. They may not have lived there, but they owned the land. The Welsh had been troublesome for years, so when William the Conquer became King of England, he established strong families along the borders. These families built castles and were prepared to defend the lands given to them. For many of these families, these lands were awarded to them for service to the King, either at the Battle of Hastings or for other services. But William was a shrewd King. He awarded lands to his loyal supporters in such a way that they could not become too powerful. Consequently, a land holder’s name can and will show up in several or many counties. Earlier de la Mares, in the time of Edward the Confessor, would have kept their lands and William the Conqueror would have awarded more.

It is believed that Kilpec Castle was already there when the de la Mares were given those lands along the Welsh border. It was a motte and bailey type castle, mostly made of wood. At some time it was probably strengthened with rock and boulders, but only a small part of it still survives. The first of the family to occupy this castle was William FitzNorman de la Mare.  In the Domesday Survey of 1086, (Kilpeck is called Chipeete) it was given by the Conqueror to William FitzNorman.  It became the administrative center of Archenfield.   In a history of the Kilpeck Church it is stated that William FitzNorman was a kinsman of Wm. Conq.  Another source calls him a 'natural son.'  The Kilpeck history also claims that William FitzNorman was a kinsman of Earl Mortimer. Unfortunately, this is not backed up by any documentation so there is no way of knowing if there is any connection between FitzNorman and the Conqueror. Be that as it may, the de la Mare family became part of a military defense along the Welsh border called The Marcher Lords. It was their duty to protect England from any invasions by the hostile Welsh and in return they received considerable amounts of land. Kilpeck Castle was one of many castles built along the boundary between Wales and England, but was not considered one of the four major powers who became prominent as Marcher Lords.

I have read and heard objections to the use of the name FitzNorman. Others question the name since it was not common at the time. My argument is that it wasn’t a name but a sobriquet, a nickname. The progenitor of this family was probably called ‘the Norman’ much as an immigrant Irish man might be called ‘Irish’, regardless what his name was.  Some studies have been done that show the brothers William and Hugh de la Mare, were sons of Robert Normannus, The Marshal, who owned lands in England during the time of Edward the Confessor – or before the Battle of Hastings. If Robert had spent some time in England where the Norman population was small, it would have been easy to call him The Norman. His sons became known as William and Hugh FitzNorman de la Mare or in another way William and Hugh de Mara. The name Robert does repeat in several following generations so I believe there is some merit to this argument, even though it can’t be verified with documents. I do not believe that Norman was the first name to which it was customary to add Fitz. My theory is that The Norman was known in England before 1066 and his sons were called FitzNorman instead of FitzRobert.

Since I have worked my way to the beginnings of the family de la Mare, I’ll try to follow a time line to bring forth the next several generations. My hope is to explain how the de la Mares scattered, took on different names and how one branch became the Pye family.

The Norman People and their Existing Descendants, by Sir Matthew Hale

The Notices of the Ellises of England, Scotland and Ireland, by William Smith Ellis, Esq. P.17-18.

 A General Introduction to Domesday Book,by Sir Henry Ellis