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Tuesday, July 25, 2017

Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael Expanded Part I*** Carmichael, McCabe, Farnum, Ross families - Continued

Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael were m. c. 1794 in Aberlour, Scotland.  They had 9 children:

          *Thomson (1796-1861) m. in 1826 Elizabeth Barbara Hubley (1806-1881)                     – 15 children (See separate expanded form) (Thomson is the most                               extensive and will be the last expanded form rather than the first.)
           David (1799-?) no information
          *** Mary Ann Carmichael (1799-1874) m. William McCabe (1799-1876)                         (Expanded Form Part Ia and Part Ib)
           Robert (1800-?) no information
           Isobel (1801-1864) m. Robert Murray (1792-1884) (s/o Isobel (sister of                         Francis Carmichael) Carmichael and James Murray) – 8 children (see part II                                    expanded form)                  
           James (1803-?) no further information
           Elizabeth Catherine (1804-1877) m. in 1829 William Mahy (1801-1873)                         (See Expanded Form Part III)
           John (1806-?) no further information
           Isaac (1808-1887) m. in 1831 Jane Hamilton (1818-?)- 10 children 

3.  Malcom (1860-1940) is living with his parents in Green Hill, NS in the Canadian 1881 census. I next find him in Frenchtown, Missoula Co., MT, a widow with five children. It states he had been married for 12 years. I have search in many places looking for this marriage record, but have found nothing. There is one reference to a woman named Matilda who fits the time and the geography, but nothing else to support a connection. In 1902, Malcolm marries Ida Brown Smalling, who is 19 years younger and divorced. In 1909 Alexander D. Ross, s/o Malcolm and his first wife, dies at age 18. In the 1910 census, Malcolm is a Superintendent at a Saw Mill and only one of his children from his former marriage are living with him. They are living in Cedar Township, Missoula Co., MT. Three of his children from the 2nd marriage have been born. In 1920, One of his older daughters, Jessie, is living with them and Wallace, the youngest is age 7. He is still a Super. at the Saw Mill. In 1930, the two youngest children are still with them and Sarah Brown, his mother-in-law is also with them. Malcolm has retired and they live in the city of Missoula, MT. 1940 finds just the youngest son, Wallace, living with them. There is a death certificate for Malcolm for Aug 1 1940. Later, a death record for Ida in 1950. I have found very little info on any of his children. They were:
          Jeanette (1889-?)
          Alexander D. (1891-1909)
          Harold (1893-?)
          Jessie (1896-?)
          Leonard (1900-?)
          Mary Maud (1903-1981) m. in 1929 Ralph Johnson (?-1961)
          Delphine (1907-?) m1 in (?) Unknown Emerick; m2 in 1936 G. E. Breeding
          Malcolm (1909-?)
          Wallace (1913-?)
4.  Kenneth Ross (1862-1933) is shown living with his parents in the 1871 and 1881 censuses for Green Hill NS. In the 1900 federal census, he was married to Mary O’Keefe who was b. c 1866 in Ireland. He was a Saw Mill Owner. He and his family were living in a hotel owned by a Kennedy family. They had three children:  Marjory b. 1890, Kenneth b. 1894 and Bruce b. 1900. It states that Mary was the mother of four children but only three were living. They were living in Missoula, Hellgate Township, Montana. In 1910 they were still in Missoula and Kenneth was a manager in a lumber yard. By 1920, Kenneth is a widow and living with his daughter Marjory, who has married John H. Toole. Kenneth’s youngest son, Bruce is also living with them. Marjory’s husband is a real estate agent and they have a son, John. H., Jr., age 1. The census shows that Kenneth immigrated in 1880 and was naturalized in 1885. In the 1930 census, Kenneth is still living with his daughter, who now has three sons, John H., Kenneth and Bruce. Kenneth, the father, died in 1933 and is buried in Missoula MT.
4a.  Marjory and John Toole had three boys, John H., Kenneth R., and Bruce R. In the 1940 census her husband had become a lawyer with his own practice. However, he died in 1946. A quick review of the Toole family shows they had very short life spans, all but one died in their 40’s, 50’s and early 60’s. Marjory died in 1963.

4b.  Kenneth Jr. m. Joan Trimble. He passed away in 1981 and Joan died in 2015. No children mentioned.

4c.  Bruce, b. 1900, living with his parents in 1910 in Missoula, MT. His mother d. in 1919 so he is seen living with his father at his sister’s home in Missoula. There is a death record for Bruce Ross dated Feb 8 1977, who died and is buried in Missoula, MT. No other info is with this record.

5. Janet E. Ross (1865-?) No further information

6. Eliakim Ross, b. 1868 in Green Hill, NS immigrated at age 18 to Montana. The 1900 census shows Eliakim and Emma Jean with three children living in Havre, Choteau Co., MT. They have been married since 1893. She was Emma Rodgers and was also from Canada. He is listed as a laundry man. There were three children listed for them. In 1910, he owns a lumber mill and is living in Missoula, MT. By 1920 all three children have left home, however a 4th child was born in 1912 and is still living with his parents. Eliakim is a manager but faded ink makes it impossible to see if he’s still in the lumber business. In 1930 he is the manager of a logging camp in Sanders Co., MT and his youngest son is still living with him.
1940 searches turned up no census.

 6a. Stillman (1894-1975) m. Gladys Brewer in 1917, 5 mos after he registered for the draft for WWI. They were married in Missoula, MT. His draft card said he was a logging engineer. I can’t seem to find any record of either of them in the 1920 census for any state. It’s possible that Stillman entered the military and was stationed on       a base. I checked what military records I could find with no results. In 1930, he was working in Wholesale Meats, in Missoula. They had a son, John, age 7. I had the same results for 1940 as I did for 1920. However there is a death record for him for 1975 in San Diego, CA.

 6b. Edith (1895-?) lived with her parents until 1916 when she married Harold Dopfer. Her daughter Geraldine was b. in 1917 and I find her married for a 2nd time in 1918 to Michael Garvey. Nothing is noted about the first marriage as to divorce or death. The three of them were living in Cedar MT. Her husband, who was b. in Canada,         was a foreman at a logging camp. 1930 finds them living in  Sanders Co., in the same logging camp as her father. Michael is still a foreman. In 1940, Michael is called a woods horseman and they are still in the same logging camp. Geraldine is no longer listed with them. There was no evidence of any other children being recorded for this couple.

 6c. Marguerite (1899-?) m. LeRoy Hayes in 1921. They appear in   the 1930 census in the same logging camp in Sanders Co. In fact, Eliakim and his two daughters are the first three families listed on p. 1A for Jocko Township in Sanders Co. MT. There are no children    listed for the LeRoy Hayes family. In 1940 they are found living with LeRoy’s sister and brother-in-law, Elmer Richardson, in Springbrook, King Co., WA. LeRoy’s mother, Jennie Hayes is also living with them. The Hayes family was from Loveland Co. At this writing I have not been able to discover a 1940 census for them or any death records.

6d. Eugene (1912-?) Eugene was recorded with his parents in the ’20 and ’30 census, but thereafter, he’s disappeared. In CA alone there were 13 divorces listed for 13 different Eugene Ross’s in the time period I searched. So with this I end the line of Eliakim Ross.

7. Alexander Ross (1871-1931) In the 1881 Canadian census Alexander is listed living with his parents in West River and Green Hill, Pictou Co., NS. He is a schoolboy at age 10. From this point on, I will refer to him as Alex Jr., to differentiate him from his father. This is my label as I have not seen him recorded as Jr., anywhere. In 1891, Alex Jr, is 19, single and living with his parents in Green Hill. In 1899, Alex Jr. marries Annie Touchette on Apr 7 when both are residing in Huson, Missoula Co., MT.  In 1900, they were living in Frenchtown, MT and Alex worked in General Merchandise. In 1910, they are still living in Frenchtown, MT, next door to or close by her parents, and Alex is a telegraph operator for the RR. Ethel is age 7 and Wellington is age 5. They appear in a 1916 census for Alberta, Canada, having moved there in 1912. Unfortunately, it doesn’t give exact location or occupation. By 1920 they had moved to Missoula, MT and Alex was a night watchman for a Saw Mill. They now have four children, Donald and Wallace having joined the family. The 1930 census tells us that Alex immigrated in 1895 and has become a naturalized citizen. His occupation has changed to Merchant Policeman. Wellington has married, in 1927, Edith Mae Derby, b. in ND, and they have a daughter, Betsy, age 2. Although there is a marriage record for Ethel to Jasper Williams in 1925, she is living with her parents in the 1930 census and recorded as single. In 1931 Alexander, as a Merchant Policeman, made an arrest of a man who was stealing gas from a filling station. The man had a hidden gun and used it to shoot Alexander in the stomach. He died from the wounds. In 1940 Annie is listed as a widow, with sons Donald and Wallace living with her. Donald works at a gas station and later, in 1942, marries Edna Denkenberger (nee Anderson). Wallace is a bookkeeper and works in Wholesale Fruit and marries Carolyn Tiede in 1940.
There are four children, all surnamed Ross, all b. in MT:

          Ethel (1903-?) m. in 1925 Jasper Holt Williams (divorced?)
          Wellington (1905-?) m. in 1927 m. Edith Mae Derby
          Donald (1910-?) m. in 1942 Edna Denkenberger (nee Anderson)
          Wallace (1918-?) m. in 1940 Carolyn Tiede
No further info on this family line.

I have tried to be as accurate as possible with the information I found. In some cases the handwriting was so hard to read, I had to make an educated guess. In recap, just a reminder, these are the descendants of just one of Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael’s children. There are several more that I will be working on. Any corrections, additions, deletions that need to be made will be kindly received at:   

Canadian Census Reports 1851-1911

Federal Census Reports 1880-1940

Find A Grave

Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael Expanded Part I*** Carmichael, McCabe, Farnum, Ross families

Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael were m. c. 1794 in Aberlour, Scotland.  They had 9 children:

          *Thomson (1796-1861) m. in 1826 Elizabeth Barbara Hubley (1806-1881)                     – 15 children (See separate expanded form) (Thomson is the most                               extensive and will be the last expanded form rather than the first.)
           David (1799-?) no information
          *** Mary Ann Carmichael (1799-1874) m. William McCabe (1799-1876)                         (Expanded Form Part Ia and Part Ib)
           Robert (1800-?) no information
           Isobel (1801-1864) m. Robert Murray (1792-1884) (s/o Isobel (sister of                         Francis Carmichael) Carmichael and James Murray) – 8 children (see part II                                       expanded form)                  
           James (1803-?) no further information
           Elizabeth Catherine (1804-1877) m. in 1829 William Mahy (1801-1873)                         (See Expanded Form Part III)
           John (1806-?) no further information
           Isaac (1808-1887) m. in 1831 Jane Hamilton (1818-?) - 10 children 

I have used a numbering system to help keep everyone straight. It’s so easy to get families mixed up!

***Mary Ann Carmichael (1799-1874) m. William McCabe (1799-1876); their daughter, also Mary Ann (c.1835-1899) m. Alexander Ross in 1858 in Loch Broom, Pictou Co., NS. Although there are many McCabe families in several counties in NS, there seems to be no other children for William and Mary Ann who survived. There is a 1871 census showing William and Mary Ann McCabe, both aged 72, living in West River, Pictou Co., NS. 
A death record for Mary Ann Ross was found for 1899 in Templeton, MA, where she was to be buried. A death record for Alexander was found for 1901 stating he died in Saugus, MA but was to be buried in Templeton, MA. Templeton is in the Worcester MA area.

Mary Ann McCabe Ross
Their daughter, Mary Ann and her husband, Alexander Ross, had at least 7 children.  All surnamed Ross - they were:
1.  Jane R. (1855-1900) m. in 1885 Lorenzo T. Farnum. All surname Farnum –                         their children were: Louisa, Harriet, Orra and Albert Farnum
2.  George E. (1857-1938) m. in 1893 Ida Wilson All surname Ross – their                                 children were: Mary J., Estelle, Vernon and Benjamin Ross
3.  Malcolm (1860-1940) m1 Unknown, m2 in 1902 Ida Brown
4.  Kenneth (1862-1933) m. Mary O’Keefe. They had three children Marjory, Kenneth                and Bruce
5.  Janet E. (1865-?) No further info
6.  Eliakim (1868-1965)
7.  Alexander (1871-?)

Addendum – Although the marriage record says Alexander and Mary Ann were married in 1858, two of their children were born before that date. I found several men with the name Alexander Ross who married before 1855, when the first child was born. There was not enough additional information to determine if any one of them was the same man who married Mary Ann. Throughout the various census reports, the birth years for both Jane and George were reported differently; Jane from 1855 to 1858 and George from 1857 to 1860. I have several possible explanations for the discrepancies, but it is all guess work and I won’t pursue it here.

1.  Jane (aka Jennie) Rose Ross was living in Lynn MA when she married Lorenzo Taft Farnum in 1885. Their daughters Louisa and Harriet were b. in Chelsea MA. Their sons Orra and Albert were b. in Medford MA. Jane died there of acute pneumonia in 1900 at the age of 45. Louisa, was b. Jun 10 1886 and Harriet was b. Aug 23 1889. Orra was b. Aug 8 1893 and Albert was b. Mar 31 1896.
          1a.  Louisa married John Stacy Keely in 1909. He was from WV and 11 years older than her. He was a Clergyman. A son, John, Jr.  was born in 1910 and died in 1913 from Purpura Hemorrhagica.  Interestingly, Find A Grave has an entry for John Keely, who lived to age 102, but the wife buried with him is not Louisa. Still looking     for a record of her death before 1915 when this other marriage took place.
          1b.  Harriet Farnum apparently didn’t marry but there is a death record for her dated Dec 1875 for Middlesex Co., MA.
          1c.  Orra was married (to Pearl Unknown) between the ’20 and ’30 census, and had a son named Ralph, age 4 yrs and 9 mos in the ’30 cen. Orra was living in Providence RI and was listed as unemployed, as were many others on the same page. By 1940 Orra was living in Stonington CT and was a vacuum cleaner     salesman. Another son, Robert, was born to them in 1935. Orra died in 1956 in Stonington, CT and Pearl died in Pawcatuck, RI in 1999 at the age of 102.
          1d.  Albert is age 4 in the 1900 census of Medford MA. Lorenzo, his father is listed as a widow. His mother, Jane, had died earlier in the year, leaving Lorenzo with four young children. It is surprising to see in the 1910 census for Lorenzo that all four children are still with him, but his wife Jane is also listed as living with him. Found        this odd, since Jane had died in 1900. A little investigating showed that they were both married once and had been married for 26 years. Both of their ages are incorrect by 3-5 years yet all four of the children are correctly stated. I’ll leave this for someone else to figure out. In 1920 Lorenzo is married again to a woman named     Harriet, b. in England and nearly 30 years his junior. None of his children are living with him. Albert served in WWI as a Cpl. in    the Aero Squadron. Albert is married by 1920 to Gladys Groves and they were living in Worcester MA and Albert was employed as a clerk in a railroad office. By 1930 they were still in Worcester MA     and he is a clerk in a factory. 1940 still finds them in Worcester MA and Albert is now a chemist in the field of Abrasive Mfg. There were   no children recorded for them in any of the census records. Albert died in 1967 in Worcester MA and is buried there.

2.  Next comes George E. (1857-1938) m1. Isabel McDonald in 1879 in Pictou Co., NS. They had a daughter Mary J., b. 1880 in Pictou Co., NS. They appeared in the 1881 census for West River and Green Hill, Pictou Co., NS and were living with George’s parents, Alexander and Mary Ross. Also living with this family was a boy, Henry McDonald, age 6. The census gave no indication of relationship. Given the age, he could have been Isabel’s younger brother. When I next discover George, he is in Choteau, Co., Montana, getting married to Ida Wilson. I was unable to find any sort of death record for Isabel. I also found sifting through the unbelievable number of people with the name Isabel Ross was daunting without further definitive info. However, George did appear in the 1900 census for Chinook Township, MT. He and Ida were the parents of Estelle (b. 1894), Vernon (b. 1895) and Benjamin (b. 1896). In this census, his daughter Mary J., age 20 has joined the family in MT. By 1910, George is a feed dealer living in Mountain View, Idaho, with his wife, Ida, and children Estelle, Vernon and Benjamin. As so often happens, while looking for something else I stumbled across Mary J. Ross, George’s oldest child by his first marriage.
          2a.  Mary J. m. John Edwin Dawson in 1901, in Great Falls, MT.  Her ‘user name’ was Maymie and that’s how she was recorded after her marriage. Who knew? Small wonder all the searches, didn’t hit on this name. Maymie and John had one son, Edwin, b. 1902 and died 1957 in Seattle WA. They were all living in Glasgow, Wally Co, MT in the 1910 census. John was a merchant in general merchandise. By 1920, they were living in Great Falls, Cascade Co., MT and John was a manager in fire insurance.  In the 1930 census John is still a  manager at an insurance co. There are no children living with them in Great Falls, MT. They were still living in the same place, ten years later, in the 1940 census. John is now Vice President in the insurance co, and they have a live-in maid. John died in 1961 and Maymie died in 1968. Both are buried in the Hillcrest Mausoleum in Great Falls, MT.
          2b.  In 1915, Estelle Ross married Hugh B. Campbell and by 1920 they were living in Portand, OR. Campbell was a bookkeeper for Wholesale Products and we also find George and Ida living with this young couple. All the Federal censuses indicate George became a naturalized citizen. The 1930 census finds him retired       and living in Rose Park, Multonomak, OR, with Ida. But, the same census finds Estelle and Hugh divorced. There are no children listed living with her and she was working a clerical position in an Express Office. I could not find Estelle in the 1940 census. She may have married again and moved to another state.
          2c.  George and Ida’s oldest son, Vernon E. Ross was b. Jul 14 895 in Yantic, Montana. He is on all the census reports with his family until 1920. In 1917, there was a draft card issued indicating he was an undertaker. He married a woman named        Cora, but I haven’t been able to locate a marriage record. They had three children: Vernon, Jr., Howard and Betty. He died in 1983 (see obit.)


          2d.  Benjamin, the youngest child of George and Ida, was living in Sand Point, Bonner Co., ID in 1920. He is married to a woman named Aubrey and they have no children listed. He is working in a dry goods store as a clerk. By 1930 they are living in Mountain   View, ID, a part of Sand Point and they have a daughter, Marjorie,       age 7, born in the state of Washington. Benjamin is a salesman in a clothing store. In 1940, Benjamin and family are living in Portland OR where he is a collector at a funeral church. This could possibly be working with his brother Vernon. Benjamin died in 1972 and is buried at the Lincoln Park Memorial, Indoor Mausoleum, in        Portland.

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Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Carmichaels Revisited Part III

Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael were m. c. 1794 in Aberlour, Scotland, according to the above researcher (see part II). They had 9 children:

          *Thomson (1796-1861) m. in 1826 Elizabeth Barbara Hubley (1806-1881)                     – 15 children
           David (1799-?)
           Mary Ann (1799-1874) m. William McCabe (1799-1876)
           Robert (1800-?)
           Isobel (1801-1864) m. Robert Murray (1792-1884) (s/o the above Isobel                                 Carmichael and James Murray) – 8 children
           James (1803-?)
           Elizabeth Catherine (1804-1877) m. in 1829 William Mahy (1801-1873)
           John (1806-?)
           Isaac (1808-1887) m. in 1831 Jane Hamilton (1818-?)- 10 children

In attempting to follow some of the people in these families, I either found too many people with the same name and in the same approximate time line or I didn’t find anything at all. In the case of David, I found many by that name but no other defining information to help determine David’s parents. I’ve included only the ones I have found verifiable info on. Since *Thomson is the eldest and the line I am following, I will leave him till the end of this generation.

·       David (1799-?) Closest possibilities were Spouse – Elizabeth Unknown and 2 sons: Robert W. (1850-1867) and David (1848-1868) Info from Toney River, Pictou, NS
·       Mary Ann Carmichael m. William McCabe; their daughter, also Mary Ann (no dates) m. Alexander Ross in 1858 in Loch Broom, Pictou Co. , NS  No further info
·       Robert (1800-?) Found little info on any Robert
·       Isobel Carmichael m. Robert Murray. Most of their children were b. in Merigomish, NS. Robert is the s/o James Murray who m. Isobel Carmichael, d/o William, making this Isobel and Robert 1st cousins.
·       James (1803-?) Name too common to determine any relationship
·       Elizabeth Catherine Carmichael m. William Mahy. A son, James, was b. in 1839 in Fisher’s Grant, Pictou Co., NS
·       John (1806-?)There are a great many men named John. I found several ‘John Thomson’s’ but not enough additional info to provide any further research.
·       Isaac Carmichael m. Jane (Jenette) Hamilton; children: Sarah Jane m. Kenneth MacLeod; Mary B. m. David Dow; John Robert m. Margaret Raymond; David W. m. Cassie Fraser; Isabel m. Robert Douglas; James H. m. Elizabeth Mullins; George Henry m. Christy Ann Mullins; Isaac and Alexander – no info on these last two children.

Now, back to *Thomson

*Thomson and Barbara had 15 children:
          Henry Edward (1827- bef 1850)
          Frederick Hubley (1830-1911) m. Jane Faulds (c. 1833-1921) –                                                        12 children
          John George (1831- by 1871) m. in 1869 Teressa Shaw (1850-?); John                                            was a mariner, a Captain
          James Thomson (1832-1881) m. in 1862 Susan Roberts (1832-1913) –                         6 children
          William (1833-1852) No further info
          Alexander Francis (1835-1927) m. in1867 Ellon Dillon – 7 children This                          family moved to CA
          Daniel (1837-?) No further info
          Charles (1839-1846) No further info
          Christina Isabella (1841-1920) m. in 1870 Robert Gordon (1841-1882)                           Moved to Revere, MA
          Hannah C. (1845-1937) m. in 1872 Thomas Gordon (1842-1840) b/o                                                Robert, above; Moved to Somerville, MA
          Mary Jane (1847-1894) m. in 1875 Thomas D. Hardy (1849-1916) –                                                5 children. They remained in the Jordan River, Shelburne, NS area.
          Barbara (1849-?) A possibility that she married a Jones; insufficient                               evidence for proof
          *Henry Gordon (1850-1910) m. Mary Ellen Scarr ( - ) – 8 children – my                                             branch of this family which will follow in another segment
          Elizabeth (1851-?) – Possibly married an Isnor; insufficient                                                               evidence for proof
          Andrew (1852-?) – Can find no reference to this name; possibly a middle                       name

Siblings: Captain John George Carmichael and Mary Jane Carmichael Hardy

I find, as I go along, that more material comes to light. To do justice to the Nova Scotia Carmichaels, I want to do more than just list names. So to continue, I’m going to present Francis again, but in an expanded form. Then I’ll do the same for Thomson and finally for Henry Gordon, my gt. grandfather. This blog has taken on a life of its own. I never intended for it to become so huge, but there is ample information available that will make these people so much more than names on a paper. At this point, I’ve added the references I’ve used in all three parts so far presented.

1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 Canadian Censuses

1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 US Federal Censuses

The Carmichael Clan Association

The Ordnance Gazetteer

Carmichael: A History of the Parish and its People Vol. 1 and 2

Kathryn Heaton Wells

Life of James William Carmichael and some Tales of the Sea

Find a Grave

Birth and death certificates

Tuesday, June 20, 2017

Carmichaels Revisited Part II

I have found James Carmichael, parents unknown, born c. 1690, in Blairshannoch, Aberlour, Banff, Scotland. He married Elspeth Harper, parents unknown, c. 1717, in Aberlour. I have found five children for them, all born in Aberlour.

*James and Elspeth Harper Carmichael had children:
          *William, b. 1717, d. Jul 29 1780, m. Dec 12 1749 in Mortlach, Scot. to                          Isobel Thomson, b. Mar 10 1725, d. aft. Oct 4 1774
           ^Peter, b. Apr 1, 1719, d. Jan 1, 1792, m. Jan 3 1782 in Inveravon, Banff,                               to Mary Stronach, b. 1702, d. Jun 20 1802. Their son James,                               (1752-1836) m. Jean Anderson (1761-1838)
           Margaret, b. Nov 25, 1723, d. bef. Mar 1725
           Margaret, b. bef. Mar 19 1725, d. ?
           John, b. bef. Mar 24 1728, d. 1746, Culloden, Scot.
^I found the name Peter to be used interchangeably with the name Patrick. It isn’t clear if the name was Peter Patrick, Patrick Peter, or whether one was a nickname for the other. Or there could be other reasons not yet understood by me.

To follow this line, I will proceed with *William. He and his spouse, Isobel Thomson had 10 children:
          Elizabeth (1750-?)
          John (1750-?) m. in 1776 Elspet Hepburn – 4 children
          Elspet (1753-?)
          James (1755-1836) m. in 1771 Ann McKenzie (1748-1830) – 5 children
          Isabel (1757-?) m. in 1778 James Murray (1747-?)– 8 children
          William (1759-?)
          Alexander (1761-?) m. in 1787 Margaret Achoindach+
          *Francis (1764-1838) m. in 1794 Elizabeth Keillor (1778-1838) – 9 children
          Mary (1771-?)
          Mallie (1772-1834)
+ There is a location in Scotland called Achindach
  • ·       John and Elspet Hepburn Carmichael had at least 4 children: John, William, Isobel and Alexander, all born in Banff, Scotland.
  • ·       James and Ann McKenzie Carmichael had at least 5 children. James and Ann immigrated c. 1778 to Pictou County, Nova Scotia. James is credited with being one of the founders of New Glasgow, NS. Their children were: Isabella, James, William, Ann and an unknown child.
  • ·       Isabel and James Murray had 8 children, all born in Banff, Scot. They were: John, Isabel, Margaret, Mary, Alexander and James (twins), Robert and Francis. All were born in Aberlour, Banff, Scot. Robert is found in Nova Scotia later on. He marries another Isabel  Carmichael, dau. of Francis. This Robert and Isabel were 1st cousins. He died there in 1884 at Fraser’s Mount, New Glasgow, NS. Other of this family may have also immigrated to NS, but I haven’t tracked them. From three fairly large gaps in the birth years of the children, it’s likely there were more children in this family.
  • ·       Alexander and Margaret Achoindach Carmichael – no further information
  • ·       Francis and Elizabeth Keillor Carmichael immigrated to Nova Scotia around 1798, when their son Thomson was about 2 years old.

       Home of another James Carmichael, grandson of James and Ann, New Glasgow, NS

                    From Researcher: Kathryn Heaton Wells:
                    Fisher's Grant cemetery;  Francis was granted 200 acres of land in                                        1792 {NS Land Petitions}   Francis Carmichael, b. July 13, 1764 in                                           Mortlach, Banffshire, Scotland; d. Nov 16, 1838 in Fisher's Grant,                                           Nova Scotia.  He was the son of William Carmichael and Isobelle                                           Thomson.  He m. Elizabeth Keillor.
                    Elizabeth Keillor, b. c. 1778 in Mortlach or Aberlour, Banff, Scotland; d. Nov 23,                     1838 in Pictou, Nova Scotia.
          Notes for Francis Carmichael:
                    BURIED:   Fisher's Grant Cemetery, Nova Scotia
                    OCCUPATION:    Farmer
                    NOTES:  Mortlach has one of the oldest churches in Scotland, established in                         566 A.D. by the missionary Saint Molaug, a Culdee  Christian from the isle of                         Lismore and a contemporary of Saint Columba from the isle of Iona.
                    According to info. sent to me, Francis & Eliz. Keillor Carmichael moved to Nova                     Scotia about 1798 when son Thomson was only 2 yrs. Francis brother James                       was one of the founders of Pictou, Nova Scotia.  Sgt. James of the 82                                     Regiment, (or Hamilton Regiment) was given a land grant in Merigomish in                             1785 containing 200 acres of land.  Many of the regimentals had been                                   stationed at Halifax, with the exception of an expedition to Casco Bay, Maine.                        There was a contingent who were employed in the Southern States. The                     worst event to befall the reg't was the shipwreck of a transport on the coast,                           near New York when of 300 men aboard the ship, only 18 were saved. They                         were taken off of the rigging to which they had clung for a long time. The                                regiment was disbanded at Halifax at the end of the war. A large tract of land                          was set aside for them in Pictou, mainly the grants of Fisher and others, which                     had just been escheated, in spite of the efforts of Wentworth who tried to                                maintain the titles of the old grantees, but only succeeded in upholding his                              own. It included Fisher's Grant, Chance Harbour, Little Harbour, and                                      Merigomish. It was said to contain 26,030 acres in all.  
                    PROOF: I viewed Aberlour Parish Records to confirm Birth & Marriage                                    Records; Cemetery records at Hector Center, Pictou, Nova Scotia;  More                               information about this is written in the book "The history of Pictou County".                             Also see: " Loyalist and Land Settlements in Nova Scotia".   
                    Notes for Elizabeth Keillor:
                    BURIED:   Probably at Bridgewater Cemetery, Bridgewater, Nova Scotia

Elizabeth Keillor is a brick wall. Days of research have given me only clues and  theories. One article I read stated that Keillor was a sept of the MacKellar clan, but I found nothing to confirm this. I found many Keillors in Angus, Scotland and Australia, but nothing that would shed any light on Elizabeth. I did locate a place called Inverkeillor in Angus. So far all things seem to point to this name being a corruption of Kellar.

Monday, June 12, 2017

Carmichael revisited Part I

According to The Carmichael Clan Association there is only one source of the name “Carmichael” and that is territorial or geographical in origin from the northern edge of the southern Uplands in Scotland.

In the year 1058, Queen Margaret chose an ancient hill fort or ‘caer’, in a prominent location close to the main route from the border, for the site of one of her first six churches to be established in the see of Glasgow. She dedicated the church to St. Michel and the district and its people became ‘of Caermichel’ when surnames became necessary in the 13th century.

In the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, Carmichaels traveled widely. Some went to Galloway where they became kinsmen of the Stewarts of Galloway. Later they moved northward to Lismore and Appin and became kinsmen of the Stewarts of Appin and the McDougals. Further movements brought them to Ireland, the Americas, European countries and Australia. In 1997, the world-wide Carmichael population was estimated at over 42,000 with half the residents in the USA, a quarter in the UK, 10% in Canada and the remaining in Australia/Asia, Europe, and also South Africa.

The Ordnance Gazetteer for Scotland, published well over one hundred years ago, described Carmichael as a hamlet and a parish of south central Lanarkshire. It was also described as 4 ¾ miles from N to S and covering more  than 11,000 acres, of which 50 ½ are water.

From Carmichael: A History of the Parish and its People Vol. 1, there is a variety of spellings, including Carmychell (1374), Carmychale (1410), Carmichel (1470 & 1518), Cayrmichel and Cayrmychell (1474), Carmychel (1485), Carmichell (1494), Kermychell (1497), Carmechele (1517), Carmychall (1575), Carmighell (1590), Carmigell (1646), Carmichaill (1672), and Carmichaell (1684). There are also undated spellings of Karemigel, Kermikel and Kermighel. Universally, spelling wasn’t standardized until the mid-to late 1800’s. Many early documents show that even common words were spelled in various ways within the same paragraph. Once spelling became standardized, surnames soon followed and today, the family name is now accepted as Carmichael.

The lands of Carmichael were once held by Sir James de Douglas in 1321, by a Charter of Robert I. William de Carmichael, as a vassal under the Lords of Douglas, is mentioned in a charter in 1350 and his son, John de Carmychell had a charter of Carmychell lands, from William, Earl of Douglas, between 1374 and 1384. This John became the 1st Baron of Carmichael. John died before 1410 and his brother William succeeded him. Carmichael is considered a Cadet of the Douglas Clan. Generally, Cadet refers to relationships through female lines. There have been many marriages between the two families over the last 900 years or so, that would definitely give credence to this claim.

To continue with William (from above), who had a son John, who married Lady Mary Douglas, daughter of Earl George Douglas. John fought with the French against the English and died in 1436 leaving three sons, William, Robert and John. From William, descend the Carmichaels of Meadowflat and from John, descend the Carmichaels of Balmedie, Fife. Other sources also indicates that Robert possessed land in the county of Fife.

The Carmichaels who came to Nova Scotia in the 1790’s were from Aberlour and other places in Banffshire. Since I had not been able to connect them to the Lanarkshire Carmichaels with any certainty, I sent a quick query to the Carmichael Clan office to see if they knew of a connection and could point me to some information to research. I received a very nice reply from Clan Chief Richard, himself, which said: “Your Aberlour Carmichaels are (I think) still there in Banffshire. Check out the Carmichael worldwide database for more details. From memory they are descended from the Carmichaels of Balmedie in Fife and were in Banffshire before 1650.”

And so started my journey.  I have gone over records from Fife and Banff dating back to 1600 but, as yet, have found no solid connection to the Carmichaels my family claims to be theirs. So rather than hold up the completion of this blog I will put in what I have found but will continue to search for more information. However, this blog has become extremely long so I will break it into pieces making it more manageable for all.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Chambers Family Revisited


Robert Chambers is referred to as The Old Soldier and is apparently the immigrant from Scotland. Some say the name was originally Chalmers, but I have not found a reliable source that verifies this claim. His wife’s name was Margaret but her maiden name remains a mystery. It is believed they had several children, some of whom were born in Scotland. Some older written histories indicate Robert was from Lanarkshire, another bit of unverified information. However it does give a place to start more intensive research and I have found families of Chambers in Peebles, a small town in Lanarkshire. All of what follows in this blog is based on data found in Nova Scotia, Tatamagouche, Wallace, Wallace Bridge, Sand Point and other communities in Colchester County.

Another important point to reference is that, as far as can be determined, this Chambers family is not connected to the Chambers family who migrated here from Newport RI. That group of colonists left RI when many others left New England to take advantage of the free land given away by King George. They settled in a very different part of Nova Scotia. In the History of Tatamagouche, by Frank H. Patterson, LL.B., Robert Chambers arrived in NS in the early 1800’s and by 1802, it was recorded that he held 430 acres, 230 at Brule Harbor and 230 at Chambers Point. By1806 he had received a deed to land.  He was the first person in Tatamagouche to receive a free hold title rather than a lease. Another theory that appears to have no solid evidence is that Chambers was related to Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres, who was a land holder and governor of PEI and Cape Breton. In one of his biographies, it is stated that James Chalmers was his son-in-law. At this point of my research, I have found no connection between Robert Chambers and James Chalmers. The time line of this doesn’t really match either. But something could still show up as more records are found and shared. However, the histories do state that Robert was a good friend of DesBarres and this may be why he received the first free hold title of land. It could also indicate they were related, but still there is no verification. I also have to consider that a Scotsman might have pronounced his name is such a way that it ‘sounded like’ Chalmers. If we take out the ‘a’ sound in Chambers and substitute it with an ‘aw’ sound or something similar, we could easily come up with a name that sounds like Chalmers but is actually spelled Chambers.                                   

                          The Chambers land was along the shore on the north side.

The sons of Robert Chambers and his wife, Margaret, were Samuel and James. No daughters or other sons have surfaced yet. James left for New Brunswick where he died, unmarried. It is quite possible that he is the James Chambers who is accredited with building the first ship in Tatamagouche, a small schooner of 16 tons, called the “Fish Hawk” in May 1818. His brother Samuel was born in 1783 in Scotland and may have been the eldest child. I will elaborate more on Samuel Chambers, even though I still have many blanks. He married Sarah Jane McBurnie (aka MacBurnie) c. 1803, most likely in Tatamagouche, NS. Sarah was b. 1786 and died at Sand Point, Colchester Co., NS in 1872. Samuel died in 1873 and he and Sarah are both buried at Sand Point Cem. Their children were:
          *Robert (c. 1805-1873) m. Catherine Millar (Millard) (c. 1808- bef. 1881)
          James (1807-?) m. Annie Patriquin (1821- ?)
          Samuel (1813-1896) m. Margaret Armstrong (1814 in Eng. - ?)
          Daniel Duncan (1815-1881) m. Catherine Unknown (1814-1850)
          David (1820-?) m. Nancy Agnes Foster (? - ?)
          Edward (1821-1894) m. Mary Ann Simpton (1822-1912)
          William (1821-?) m. Ruth Millman (1827-?)
          Catherine (1822-?) m. Benjamin Douglass (? - ?)
          John (1823-1904) m. Elizabeth Thompson (1821- 1911)
          Thomas (1830-?) m. Mary Ann Hingley (1829 - ?)

*Robert married Catherine ^Millar (Millard)
          Robert and Catherine do not appear on any of the available census records that I’ve been able to access. They had at least 8 children, all of whom were born in, around or near Tatamagouche, NS. On the land that his grandfather, Robert, received from DesBarres in 1806, he raised his family. Another stumbling block is not being able to discover any death or burial information on this couple.
{^There is a controversy on Catherine’s name. I’ve read as many sources as I can find and have discovered that Millar came from Scotland and Millard came with the Montbeliard immigration. Both spellings have been applied to Catherine but I haven’t determined her parentage yet, therefore, I also haven’t been able to determine whether the spelling is a clerical error, transcription error or  - is the incorrect spelling being applied as her surname. There is a land transaction, in 1854, where Edward Chambers (s/o Robert and Catherine) sold land in Barrasois to Peter Millard. Based on that, I’m leaning toward the name being Millard rather than Millar.

The children of Robert and Catherine were:
          Edward (1826-1918) m. in 1852 Rockland ME, Eliza Leggett (1826                                England – 1884)
          *James  (1830-1913) m. in 1852 Point Brule, NS, Sarah McPherson                                                 (1831- 1913)
          George (1832- ?)
          Elizabeth (1835- ?)
          Margaret (1836 - ?)
          John (1838 - ?)
          Sarah (1841 - ?)
          Robert (1845-1891) m. in 1870, Bridget Delahunt (c 1854 – 1891)

Edward’s occupation was listed as Shipwright and he is found in the USA Fed. census of 1850 in Bath ME. At that time, Bath had a huge ship building industry. When the work on the home front slowed down, there was always work to be had building ships in Bath ME. The men lived in boarding houses which lined the streets parallel to the Kennebec River. At one time there were over 200 shipyards, actively building ships. In 1852, he married Eliza Leggett who was b. in 1826 in Saxmundham, Suffolk, England. They were married in Rockland ME but were living in Memramcook, NB, by 1853 where their oldest child, Lorenzo, was born. A second child followed soon thereafter, George, b. 1855. However it appears as though George died as a young child, as he does not appear in the 1861 or 1871 Canadian census reports. Herbert Smith Chambers was the third child born. Then followed Matilda, Florence, Caroline (Carrie), Cynthia, Emma and Bessie. Catherine Chambers, mother of Edward is living with the family in the 1871 Canadian census. This could mean that Robert had died, which makes the death date of 1873 for him incorrect. I have been unable to locate a death record for him. In the Chignecto Post, Sackville, NB, Nov. 15 1883, it is recorded that Edward Chambers has sold his house and land to Capt. Erwin Buck and removed to Truro, NS. By 1881, Catherine has died, as she no longer appears in any census reports. Then in 1884, Eliza Chambers died. I haven’t been able to place Edward again until 1911 when he appears in the census, living with his oldest son, Lorenzo. Edward died in 1918 and is buried in Dorchester NB.

Edward and Eliza’s children:
          Lorenzo (1853 - ?) m. c 1875, Mary McKelvie (1852 - ?) – 15 children
          George (1855 - ?)
          Herbert S. (1858 – 1926 Vancouver BC) He was a diabetic amputee.                                                m. 1882, Sophia Gertrude Dixon (1863 - ?) – 4 children
          Matilda Sarah (1860 - ?) m. in 1878, John W. Smith (1849 - ?) -7 children
          Florence (1861 – bef 1911) m. in 1881, George Bishop ((1850 - ?)                                                    – 8 children
          Caroline (Carrie) (1864 – bef 1918) m. in 1883, David Crowe (1859 - ?)                         lived in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan. – 2 children
          Cynthia (1867 - ?) {My note – Cynthia and Emma could be the same person, one                             being the first name and the other being a middle name. Or they could have                           been twins.}
          Emma (1867 - ?) m. in 1885, William Wade (1860 – aft 1922) – 2 children
          Bessie (1870- ?) m. in 1887, Frederick Forrest (1861 - ?) – 2 children

*James was also a ship builder and can be found in the 1850 Federal census for Bath ME along with his brother Edward. He returned to NS by 1852 when he married Sarah Jane McPherson at Point Brule, NS.

The children of James and Sarah were:
          *Alexander Scott (1855 – 1887) m. in 1878, Rebecca Cole (1854 - 1944)
          Emma Jane (1860 – c. 1913) m. in 1883, Edwin Hicks (1857 – 1906)
          Nancy Lavinia (1863 – 1946) m. in 1882, Beverly Thomas Vincent                                                      (1856 -  ?)
          John (1864 – 1864 ) @ 3 months
          William (1865 – bef 1930 in Jersey City NJ) m. 1890 in Bath ME, Elizabeth                     Blasland (1840 - ?) – 8 children
          James (1867 – 1869) @ 20 months
          George (1870 - ?) m. in 1890 Bath ME, Carrie Varney
          Ella May (1874 – 1946 in Westfield NJ) m1. in 1891 Portsmouth NH,                                                  Percy George Turner, m2. in 1904 NJ, Walter Tavenor

In the 1900 Fed. census for Jersey City NJ, it is stated that Sarah had been the mother of 13 children but only 5 were still living. So far, I’ve only been able to locate the names of eight children. By the 1900 census, I do know that *Alexander, John and James were no longer living. They were married for 3 years before *Alexander was born, which provides an opportunity for a child to have been born before him. Generally speaking, most married couples saw their first born within a year of their marriage.
*Alexander was b. in Nova Scotia but as a young child the family moved to Dorchester, NB where three prominent shipbuilders had busy shipyards. Alexander followed in his father’s foot steps as a shipbuilder/carpenter. At sometime after his marriage, he became a mariner, possibly because his brother-in-law, William E. Buck, was the Captain of various schooners. As the First Mate on the Arabella, they sailed to NY city with cargo and on the return trip, encountered a fierce storm off the Cape Cod coast and all was lost. His daughter, my grandmother, had just turned 7 years old.
Emma Jane married Edwin Hicks, a NB man who had moved to Brooklyn NY to work in the shipyards there. They had three daughters, the youngest being Eva, who died when she was 4. Edwin died in 1906, leaving Emma and the two daughters on their own. The 1910 Fed. census show both girls, Ada and Stella, employed as stenographers and Emma stated she had her own income. As yet, I’ve failed to find any further information of these women.
Nancy Lavinia married Beverly Thomas Vincent. His name has been written as Thomas Beverly, Thomas B. and Beverly T. as well. His occupation was reported as a cabin builder on one of the children’s birth records. This sheds no light on what type of cabins he built. Since they lived in Saint John, NB a cabin could be associated with ships, as opposed to the type built in the more remote rural areas, far from where he lived.
William married Elizabeth Blasland in 1890, Bath, ME. He was a carpenter/shipbuilder and by 1900 had moved on to Jersey City, NJ where there were busy shipyards. By the 1920 census, there were 8 children, all still living at home. The oldest six were all girls and the youngest two were boys. The children were:
          Frederica (Freda) (1893 - ?)
          Ethel (1896 - ?)
          Gertrude (1897 - ?)
          Wilma (1899 - ?)
          Bessie (1900 - ?)
          Ida (1903 - ?)
          Walter (1906 - ?)
          Albert (1913 - ?)

William must have died sometime before the 1930 Fed. census as Elizabeth is found listed as a widow, living with Freda, Walter and Albert. From 1930 on, I’ve been unable to find any factual information about this family.
A George Chambers married a Carried Varney in Bath ME, however it is uncertain if this is the George who was the son of James and Sarah Chambers. Not enough information was given, yet the time lines were appropriate. Carrie’s father owned a lumber mill and it is within the realm of possibility that that a carpenter/shipbuilder would be acquainted with him. Work will continue on George and many of the others whose information is lacking.
Ella May married Percy Turner in Portsmouth, NH in 1891. Two daughters were born before Ella discovered that Percy was a bigamist. By 1900 she is in NJ living with her parents. It is believed that James went there because of the shipbuilding and she and the two girls went along. There, she eventually married Walter Tavenor and had a son, also named Walter.

The Westfield Leader, Jul 16 and Aug 27 1913


Death Certificates: James and Sarah Chambers

Supreme Court Record Truro, NS 1869

History of Tatamagouche, by Frank H. Patterson LL.B

Land Records

Topographical maps

Chignecto Post, Sackville, Nov 15 1883

Canadian Census 1861, 1871,1881, 1891

US Federal census, 1850, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940