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Monday, September 21, 2015

How Many First Cousins did my Maternal Grandmother Have?

I have been curious about this for some time now. My Grandmother was born in Dorchester NB and lived there until she was about 10 years old.  When she was seven, her father was lost at sea, somewhere off the coast of Cape Cod. This left them with no income or insurance money to help out. When she was nine, her little brother died from Scarlet Fever, at almost three years of age.  This left my Grandmother and her mother very much alone, which prompted them to move to the States, first to Bath, ME, then to East Boston, MA and eventually to Winthrop, MA, a peninsula in Boston Harbor. I believe they did travel back and forth a few times and relatives did come to Winthrop to visit, but I don’t think it was often. Therefore, my Grandmother had little opportunity to know just who her cousins were. I never heard her talk about very many cousins. There were a few that kept in touch, but not many. I thought it would be fun to see just how many cousins she actually had.

Alvina Chambers Broderick In Winthrop MA

My Grandmother was born Alvina Chambers at Cole’s Point (this is what she called it), in Dorchester NB in 1880. Her mother was Rebecca Ellen Cole and her father was Alexander Scott Chambers. Rebecca was one of 9 children, being the fifth child and smack in the middle of the pack. Three of her older siblings died, two as teenagers and the other at age 24. This left Rebecca with one older sibling, Lucinda, who, with her husband William Buck, had 10 children, but only 3 survived to adulthood.  Rebecca’s younger four siblings had 12 surviving children, collectively, making 15 first cousins when you include Lucinda’s three.

They were:
Lucinda Cole Buck-
          Arabella Buck Lawrence
          Edward L. Buck
          Wildie Buck Ward
Edward Cole –
          Mabel Cole Dooe
          Harley Cole
          Catherine Cole Houghton
          Edgar Cole
          Alice Cole Marney
          Margaret (Luella) Cole Elder
          Marion Cole Morine
Mary (Mame) Cole Muldoon –
          Walter Cole (Illeg.)
Emma Cole Cole (She married her 2nd cousin)
          George Cole
Margaret (Maggie) Cole Mitton –
          James Mitton
          William Mitton
          Hedley Mitton

Rebecca’s husband, Alexander Chambers, was the oldest child in his family. According to the 1910 census, his mother gave birth to 13 children, but by the time of that census only 4 were still living.

The Chambers children were –
Emma Chambers Hicks –
          Ada Hicks
          Stella Hicks
Nancy Lavinia Chambers Vincent –
          William Vincent
          Elizabeth Vincent
          Lena Vincent
          Alice Vincent
          Rupert (Roy) Vincent
          Phoeby Vincent
William Chambers –
          Frederick Chambers
          Ethel Chambers
          Gertrude Chambers
          Wilma Chambers
          Bessie Chambers
          Ida Chambers
          Walter Chambers
          Albert Chambers
Ella May Chambers Turner Tavernor
          Clara Turner
          Myrtle Turner
          Walter Tavernor

This list is as accurate as I can make it concerning the children who reached adulthood.. I’ve used Vital Records, census records, cemetery records and any other reliable source I can find to gather this information. Other sources indicate up to 15 children died before reaching their teens. These have not been counted in the final tally. On the maternal side it appears that my Grandmother had 15 1st cousins and on her paternal side, she had 19 for a grand total of 34 1st cousins. I believe she knew of most of her Cole cousins but probably only a few of her Chambers cousins. This woman, who grew up an only child, had a very large, extended family.

Friday, September 4, 2015

9th Great Grandparents

After recently reading one of Dick Eastman’s always interesting newsletters, where he addressed the issue of “We are all Related,” I decided to try an experiment.  Based on the research I have done and others have done before me, I decided to see how many 9th great grandparents I could come up with. Counting myself as Generation One, I ran an Ahnentafel report on 12 generations of family names; it takes that many generations to get to the 9th great grandparents. Mathematically, there should be about 2048 names. What most researchers know is that there are often sets of great grandparents that appear multiple times. This happens when you have a descent from say three or four of their children. Even so, I would find it almost impossible to come up with even half the number (1024) of people that math says there should be. So let’s say I can only find 25% of my 9th great grandparents. I am still woefully short of the 50% or abysmally shy of the 100% numbers.

9x gt. grandparents = 2048 people

  1. Atwood, Thomas & Sullivan, Honora
  2. Bassett, William  & Tilden, Elizabeth
  3. Baxter, George, b. 1600 & ??
  4. Blake, William, b. 1620 Pilminster, Somerset, Eng., d. 1663 Dorchester, MA &        Lyon, Anne, b. 1626 Plymouth Colony, d. 1680
  5. Bliss, Jonathan, b. 1625 Daventry, Eng., d. 1687 Rehoboth MA, & Harmon, Miriam, b. 1620 Eng., d. 1706 Rehoboth MA
  6. Boorman, Thomas (Sometimes spelled Bowerman), b. c. 1630 & ??
  7. Bowen, Richard, b. 1590 Ilston, Glamorganshire, Wales, d. bef.  1673 Rehoboth, MA & Bourne, Anne, b 1600 Swansea, Wakes, d. 1654 Rehoboth, MA
  8. Briggs, William, b 1646 Hingham MA & Macumber, Sarah, b. 1645 Marshfield MA, d. 1680 Taunton, MA
  9. Brooks, Timothy, b. 1629, d. 1711 Cohansey, NJ & Russell, Mary, b. 1645 Charlestown, MA, d. 1680 Billerica, MA
  10. Brown, William, b. c 1625 England, d. 1694 Eastham, MA & Murdock, Mary, b. 1625 Smarden, Kent, England
  11. Clark, Robert & ??
  12. Clifton, Thomas & Butterworth, Mary. both b. Eng.
  13. Cole, James, b. Eng. & Feake, Mary
  14. Covel, Nathaniel, b. c. 1620 & ??
  15. Deane, Stephen, b. 1605 Eng., d. 1634 Plymouth, MA & Ring, Elizabeth, b.c. 1602, Ulford, Suffolk, Eng., d. 1687 Eastham, MA
  16. Eddy, William, b. c 1558 Bristol, Eng., d. 1616 Eng. & Fosten, Mary, b. 1568           Cranbrook, Kent, Eng., d. 1611 Cranbrook, Kent, Eng.
  17. Eldredge, John, b. c. 1600 England  & ??
  18. Finney, John b. 1604 Lenten, Nottinghamshire, Eng., d. 1687 Swansea, MA &        Bayley, Elizabeth, b. 1634 Barnstable MA, d. 1684 Bristol, MA
  19. Fisher, Anthony & Saxon, Joanne
  20. Freeman, Edmund, b. c. 1596, Billingshurst, Suffolk, Eng., d. 1682 Sandwich, MA & Hodsall, Bennett, b. 1596, Pulborough, Sussex, Eng.,    d. 1630, Pulborough, Eng.
  21. Fuller, Caleb  & ??
  22. Garnzey, Henry, b. Eng. & ??
  23. Guild, John, b. 1616, d. 1682 Dedham MA & Crooke, Elizabeth, d. 1669
  24. Hardin, John, b. 1625 Plymouth Colony & Hurst, Hannah, b. 1627 Plymouth Colony
  25. Higgins, Richard, b. 1604, d. 1674  & Yates, Mary, b.1610, d. 1702
  26. Hinckley, Samuel, b. 1589 Tenterden, Kent, Eng., d. 1662 Barnstable, MA & Soole, Sarah, b. 1600 Hawkhurst, Kent, Eng., d. 1656 Barnstable, MA
  27. Hopkins, Giles, b. 1608, Hursley, Hampshire, Eng., d. 1690, Eastham, MA & Weldon, Catherine, d. aft. 1690 Eastham, MA
  28. Hopkins, Stephen, b. 1580, Hursley, Hampshire, Eng., d. 1644 Plymouth Colony & Kent, Mary, d. 1613.  Eng. (This marriage is still considered a possibility.)
  29. Hudson, Henry, d. 1611 Labrador NFLD, Canada
  30. Joyce, John b. 1602 Derby, Eng., d. 1666 Yarmouth MA & Cochet, Dorothy, b. 1608 Mickel Over, Derby, Eng.
  31. Knowles, Richard, b. 1614 Lancashire, Eng., d. 1675 Eastham, MA  & Bower, Ruth, b. 1616 Lincolnshire, Eng., d. 1687 Eastham, MA
  32. Lombard, Thomas b. 1581 Thornecombe, Dorsetshire, Eng., d. 1685, Barnstable, MA & ??
  33. Lumpkin, William, b. 1600 Lincolnshire, Eng., d. 1671 Yarmouth, MA & Constable, Thomasine, b. 1605 West Rasen, Lincolnshire, Eng., d. 1682 Yarmouth MA
  34. Martin, John, b.1634 Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, Eng., d. 1713 Swansea, MA & Esten, Joanna. B. 1645 Herefordshire, Eng., d. 1733 Swansea, MA
  35. Mayhew, Thomas, b. 1593 Tisbury, Wiltshire, Eng., d. 1682 Edgartown, MA & Parkhurst, Abigail, b. 1600, d. bef. 1635
  36. Mayo, John, b. 1598, Cattistock, Eng., d. 1676 Yarmouth MA & Brike, Tamsin b. 1600 England, d. 1682 Yarmouth MA.  Rev. Mayo was a minister in Eastham MA.
  37. Munnings, Edward & Ardley, Sarah, both b. Eng.
  38. Nickerson, William, b. 1604 Norwich Eng., d. 1689 Monomoit (Chatham) MA &        Busby, Anne, b. 1607 Norwich, Eng., d. 1686 Monomoit (Chatham) MA  (3x)
  39. Paine, Thomas, b. c. 1600, Wantage, Berkshire, Eng., d. 1631  & Galland, Jane, b. 1602, d. 1666 Edgartown, MA
  40. Prence, Thomas, b. 1600, Gloucester, Eng., d. 1673, Plymouth Colony, & Brewster, Patience, b. 1600, Scrooby, York, Eng., d. 1634, Plymouth Colony. Arrived 1621 in the ship Fortune. He was the 4th, 8th and 12th Governor of New Plymouth Colony.
  41. Pye, William, b. 1617 Bodinnick, Cornwall, Eng. & ??
  42. Rider, Thomas & ??
  43. Ruggles, John b. 1579 Sudbury, Suffolk, Eng., d. 1656 Boston, MA & ??
  44. Savery, Thomas, b. bef 1572 Hannington, Wiltshire, Eng., & Woodrorke, Mary, b. c. 1574 Hannington, Wiltshire, Eng.
  45. Shelley, Robert, b. Nazeing, Essex, Eng. & ??
  46. Smith, Ralph, b. 1610 Hingham, Norfolk, Eng., d. 1685 Eastham, MA & Hobart, Elizabeth, b. 1612, Hingham, Norfolk, Eng., d. aft. 1654, Eastham, MA (This is not the minister of the same name.)
  47. Smith, Thomas, b. Brinspittal, Dorsetshire, Eng. & Doane, Joan
  48. Snow, Nicholas, b.c. 1578, Hoxton, Middlesex, Eng. & Rowles, Elizabeth, b.c. 1580, Hoxton, Middlesex, Eng.
  49. Snow, Nicholas, b. 1599, St. Leonard’s Shoreditch, London, Eng., d. 1676 Eastham, MA & Hopkins, Constance, b. c. 1606, Hursley, Hampshire, Eng., d. 1677 Eastham, MA  (2x)
  50. Tibbes, John, b. Eng. & Harris, Margaret, b. Eng.
  51. Toogood, William, b. 1626 & ??
  52. Tower, John, b. c. 1609, Hingham, Norfolk, Eng., d. 1702, Hingham, MA & Ibrook, Margaret, b. c. 1620 Eng., d. 1700, Hingham MA  (2x)
  53. Upham, John, b. 1525 Bicton Devonshire, Eng. D, 1584 & ??
  54. Watts, Jeremiah, 1635 Eng., d. 1698 in MA & ??
  55. Whipple, John , b. 1517 Eng., d. 1685 Providence RI & They, Sarah, b. 1626 d. 1666 Providence RI
  56. Williams, Thomas, d. bef. 1696 in Eastham, MA & Tarte, Elizabeth, b. 1619           Tenterdon, Kent, Eng.  (2x)
  57. Wood, Thomas, b. 1642 Plymouth Colony, d. 1704 Newport RI & Hale, Rebecca, b. 1644 Bristol, MA
There are still family names being researched that haven’t reached the 9th great grandparent = Buck, Broderick, Palmer, Harper, Lacy, Snow (different family), Kennedy, Thistle, Pye (different lines), Chambers, Miller (or Millard). Boyle, Sagerton, Sheehan, Wade, Reynolds, Hubley, Scarr. Pike, Kahler, Thompson, Keillor. Matler, Spinney, Horn, McPherson, Carmichael, MacBurnie, Doane, Perkins.  Some families are only at the 5th, 6th, or 7th generation so there are names I haven’t even found yet.

The better share of my 9th gt. grandparents came from England. Some were born in Plymouth Colony of English parents. Add in the known Scottish, Irish and Welsh ancestors and you could pretty much say I am a UK mutt.

What this boils down to is this list is really, really short of the 2048 people who should populate the role of my 9th gt. grandparent.

Friday, August 7, 2015

The Family Bowen

By all the accounts I have researched, the name Bowen originated in Wales, some say, more specifically, in Pembrokeshire. Whatever the case may be, the name originates through the Welsh patronymic system. This is a fairly complex system that can become lengthy and cumbersome. The Welsh used the prefix ‘ab’ or ‘ap’ to designate ‘son of’ + the father’s given name. A name such as Gwilym ab Gruffyd ab Madog would be son, father and grandfather. This would translate into William son of Griffith son of Maddock or a variety of spellings meaning about the same thing. In the case of Bowen, Owain (Owein, Owen and other spellings) was a popular Welsh name. To be the son of Owain would be to have a name such as Rhys ab Owain. Eventually the long string of paternal names was discontinued and ‘ab Owain’ became standard, evolving into ‘Bowain’ or Bowen. Just for kicks and giggles, a few other names that came into being this way were Price (ap Rhys), Pritchard (ap Richard), Perry (ap Harry), Powell (ap Hywel), and Pye (ap Hugh).

                                                        Swansea, Wales

It is believed the earliest known ancestor of the Bowens was a man named Gwylym ab Oowen who was born c. 1412. There are some researchers who believe they can take the Bowen line back to the first century, but I don’t advocate this school of thought. Over the course of years, I have been able to ascertain, through some published research of Medieval experts, that not much can be verified before the year 1000 CE. If it is a Royal line, there is a chance for documentation, but the common folk were basically illiterate and didn’t keep records of names. If anything, it was the number of people serving a Lord of the manor and how many people in his household. If records were kept, many, most perhaps, have been lost to time, dampness, fire and basic deterioration.

Before I go on, I might add that there are still several schools of thought on the ancestry of Richard Bowen of Rehoboth MA. This one is, or seems to be, the most commonly accepted for accuracy. So we will begin with Gwylym ab Owen and what is known about him.

(1) Gwylym was b. c. 1412 in Wales. He married Agnes verch Hywel and they had a child named Owen, b. c 1453. (2) Owen married Janet Llewelyn and had at least three children: James, b. 1480, Thomas and Elizabeth. (3) James was appointed Commissioner of Revenue by King Henry VIII and became Sir James who m. Mary Hale. They had at least one child Mathias, b. 1524. (4) Mathias m. Mary Phillips and they had a son, James, b. c. 1550. (5) James m. Eleanor Griffith (they were 1st cousins 1x removed) and their son Richard was b. c. 1590.

An ascendency to King Edward III, through his son John of Gaunt, has been displayed on some websites. I have double checked random entries and have found there to be a reasonable assurance and confidence that this is a reliable ancestry of Richard Bowen, the immigrant. However I have a dozen or more sources to check before I will claim its accuracy. For those who might like to attempt further research on your own, the following is the descent being researched by a number of people:

Edward III Plantagenet m. Philippa of Hainault
John of Gaunt m. Katherine Roet (Swynford)
Henry Beaufort m. Alice FitzAlan
Jane Beaufort m. Edward Stradling
Henry Stradling m. Elizabeth verch William Herbert
Thomas Stradling m. Janet Mathew
Jane Stradling m. William Griffith
Elizabeth Griffith m. John Phillips
Mary Phillips m. Mathias Bowen
James Bowen m. Eleanor Griffith
Richard Bowen m. Anne Bourne

(6) Richard is my 9x gt. grandfather. He was b. in Ilston, Glamorganshire, Wales. He m. c. 1615, Anne Bourne, at Kettle Hill, Glamorganshire, Wales. She was b. c. 1592 in Swansea, Glamorganshire, Wales. Richard and his family emigrated to America about 1640. He and Anne had at least 7 children, all of whom were born in Wales.

Their children were:

Sarah (1616-1676) m. c. 1639 Robert Fuller
Alice (1620-?) m. c. 1636 Robert Wheaton
Richard (1623-?) m. Esther Sutton
Thomas (1625-1663) m. Elizabeth Nichols
*Obadiah (1627-1710) m. 1651 Mary Clifton
Ruth (1634-1688) m. George Kendrick
William (1637-1687)

(7) Obadiah and Mary Clfiton m. 1651 in Rehoboth MA and had 11 children. Their names were:

*Obadiah (1651-1699) m. 1677 Abigail Bullock
Mary (1653-1678) m. 1673 Isaac Allen
Sarah (1654-1710) m. 1673 John Savage
Samuel (1659-1728) m.1684 Elizabeth Wood (went to Cohanzey NJ)
Joseph (1662-1727) m. 1683 Elizabeth Rounds
Thomas (1664-1743) m. 1689 Thankful Mason
Hannah (1665-1715) m. 1685 Timothy Brooks (went to Salem NJ)
Lydia (1666-1758) m. 1686 Joseph Mason
Mercy (1672-young)
 Isaac (1674-aft. 1710) m. 1698 Hanna Winchester
Hezekiah (1676-aft. 1710)

(8) Obadiah and Abigail Bullock had at least 10 children. They eventually left Rehoboth and moved to Swansea where all of their children were born. Obadiah was called Jr. in Swansea records. At one time Swansea (Swanzey) was a part of Rehoboth before being made a village in its own right.

Their children were:

*James (1680-1738) m. 1703 Elizabeth Garnzey
Peleg (1682-?)
Hezekiah (1682-1751) m. 1706 Elizabeth Randall
Mary (1684-?) m. 1710 John Bush
Elizabeth (1686-?) m. Silas Clark
Abigail (1688-aft. 1722) m. Benjamin Fiske
Daniel (1689-1737) m. 1716 Priscilla Vinton
Aaron (1691-1774) m. 1717 Experience Whitaker
Sarah (1693-?) m. Martyn Luther
Nathan (1698-1776) m. Sarah Ashley

(9) James and Elizabeth Garnzey  (d/o John Garnzey and Elizabeth)

Lydia (1704-1747) m. 1724 Squire Wheeler
*Elizabeth (c. 1705-1755) m. 1725 Jonathan Cole
Obadiah (1706-?) m. 1731 Barbara Martin
Tabitha (1710-?) m. c. 1731 Daniel Wheaton
Mary (1713-?) m. 1733 Thomas Wilbur
Patience (1716-?)
Experience (1720-?)
Abigail (1722-?)

Originally, I had the parents of Elizabeth Garnzey as John Garnzey and his wife Elizabeth Titus.  This Elizabeth Titus was supposedly the daughter of John Titus and Abigail Carpenter. Titus family researchers have discredited this line and state that throughout all the records that have been researched John and Abigail had no daughter named Elizabeth. They stated the confusion probably occurred because a John Garnzey did marry an Elizabeth Titus, but in a totally different generation. Thus, I have removed the surname of the Elizabeth who was the mother of Elizabeth Garnzey and who married John Garnzey.

The family of Elizabeth Bowen and Jonathan Cole can be found in an earlier blog “Cole Family Goes to Swansea” dated Dec. 18, 2012.

As always, I hope you enjoy the information on the Bowens. Any addition, corrections or suggestions are gratefully accepted and appreciated.

Saturday, July 11, 2015

John Pye and Henrietta Maria Pye

There is so much confusion surrounding this man. Not only does he have a very common first name but several of his relatives share other common names. Separating them into the proper families has been a hair puller. 

I haven’t been able to document where John was born but it would seem he was probably born in France or England. Rather than being banished as a legend in my family suggests, it appears John’s father Charles made a conscious decision to go into exile in support of the Stuart claim to the English throne. There are no records in Maryland to indicate that Charles was there to personally take care of his affairs, for over 20 years. Charles’ brother, Walter, acted as his attorney for all things legal. Charles and Walter were both still called ‘of the Mynde’ indicating they still had ownership of that Herefordshire property.

                  The Mynde, Much Dewchurch,                        Herefordshire, England

Walter had married Margaret Tant and had a family of 8 children. Charles had married Mary Booth, in France, and also had 8 children. Their son, John, married Walter and Margaret’s daughter, Henrietta Marie, first cousins. This was not so uncommon 300 years ago when large families were so inter-related with other large families. Needless to say, this close relationship of two families has been an additional headache in sorting out each person’s place in which family.

From 1752-1770, John Pye’s name is frequently recorded in the land records, where he established certain acres to be leased, who it was to be leased to, and what was expected in annual rent, either in money or harvest. In 1756, it was stated that he owned 5000 acres in Charles Co., 1500 of which were to be used in payment to Edward, the Duke of Norfolk, over a ten year span. This was Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk, a relative of Queen Elizabeth I.

Charles and Mary Booth Pye’s son, Charles, came to Maryland, stayed a few years and returned to England where he died unmarried. He left all his property at Cornwallis Neck to his brother, John.

Indian Head is the wide area at the top left. Cornwallis Neck is in the foreground. Potomac River is to the left.

In Henry Rozer’s deposition of 1801:

“Charles Pye the Son came to Maryland and resided some years therein upon his Estate in Charles County called Cornwallis Neck but returned to England where he died unmarried leaving his mother still alive and also his Brother John Pye to whom he devised his Estate or the principal part thereof that John Pye resided many Years and died upon the Estate Called Cornwallis neck in Maryland devised to him by his Brother Charles Pye as above Stated that John Pye above named married Henrietta Pye the Daughter of Walter Pye Esquire of Charles County aforesaid that the Said John Pye died in the year Seventeen hundred and Seventy two leaving Six Children to wit Charles Pye his Eldest Son and heir at Law whom resides on the Estate above mentioned Called Cornwallis neck in Charles County and State of Maryland Edward Joseph Pye Mary Pye Margaret Pye Ann Pye and Elizabeth Pye. That Charles Pye the Grandson was Sent by this Deponant about the year Seventeen hundred and Seventy two to England to the care of his Grand Uncle Counsellor James Booth who undertook to Superintend his education that Charles Pye the Grandson returned from England in the year Seventeen hundred and eighty three and has resided upon the estate Called Conrwallis neck in Charles County and State of Maryland ever since except that in the year Seventeen hundred and ninety seven he made a trip to england and further the deponant saith not.”
{Provided as written with no changes to spelling or punctuation.}

John Pye’s will, proved June 25, 1772, bequeathed property to his wife, Henrietta, and five children, Mary Clare, Anne, Margaret, Charles and Edward. In Henrietta Pye’s will of March 4 1775, she leaves property to her youngest daughter, Elizabeth Pye, thus proving there was a child born after the death of her husband John. Their children were:

Mary Clare (1756-?)
Margaret Theresa (1758-1802)
Charles (1760-1809) m. 1781 Sarah Edelen – 7 children
Anne (1765-?)
Edward Joseph (1767-1801) m. Mary Jenkins – 4 children
Elizabeth (1772-?)

In the 1790 census, there is a Walter, Joseph and Charles Pye all with land holdings. Since this was a nominal census, only the heads of household were given and then the number of persons living in the home. Walter, in this case, is most likely a cousin, descended from Edward Pye (Sr.), who would have been his grandfather. Since there is no Edward listed on this census, it seems likely that Joseph is that person, using his middle name.

After the American Revolution, people began to move to the west. By the mid-1800’s there were very few Pyes left in Maryland who were descendants of Col. Edward Pye, at least the ones who had the surname.  Some records seem to point to the families moving to Virginia, Tennessee or to the south in Georgia.  If anyone reading this knows of a family connection to this group of Pyes, I would be delighted to hear from you.

The Maryland Calendar of Wills 1720-1726

Maryland land records vol 1

Maryland land records vol 2

Sunday, June 21, 2015

Walter Pye of Maryland 1685-1749

Son of Col. Edward and Ann Sewall Pye
Brother of Charles Pye

1716 – Surveyor General for the Western Shore/Charles County

Cornwallis Neck is now home to a Naval Support Facility at Indian Head. It had once been the land of the Mattawoman tribe, a branch of the Piscataway Indian Nation. They belong to the Algonquian language group and were mostly associated with Southern Maryland. This land was owned by a man named Thomas Cornwallis (Cornwalys) whose widow sold it to Edward Pye in 1688. I haven’t been able to determine if Walter lived at Cornwallis Neck while Charles was in England or if the land was rented out.

This Walter Pye became the Power of Attorney for his brother Charles while he was in England and France. It isn’t known if Walter remained in Maryland the entire time as in some records he is referred to as “of the Meende, Herefordshire.” However he did marry and by 1716 was a Surveyor General for Charles County.

*Walter married c. 1703, Margaret Tant, b. c. 1685 in St. Mary’s Co. They had 8 children:
i. Edward (1704-1752) m. 1736 Sarah Edelen (1706-1773) widow of           Samuel Queen
          ii. Susannah (1709-1738) m. 1725 Edward Stonestreet
          iii. Margaret (? -1777) entered Carmelites in Antwerp, Belgium. Became                        Sister Mary Magdalene of St. Joseph. Mentioned in her brother                           Edward’s will.
          iv. Walter (? – 1786)
          v. Henrietta Maria (?-1776) m. 1756 John Pye, her first cousin
          vi. Mary (? – 1783)
          vii. Robert (1731 – aft 1749) Was 18 when his father died in 1749
          viii. Jane ( ? – aft. 1752) m. Henry Brent 1 son, also named Henry Brent

Robert was the only child mentioned by name in Walter’s will. All others were said to ‘be of age.’

*There has been ongoing controversy concerning the wife of Walter Pye. Many claim she was Henrietta Maria Neale. However, a deposition of Henry Rozer at age 76 in 1801, shows that Walter married Henrietta Maria Pye.

          …that the said Charles Pye the Grand Father left two Sons Charles Pye    the Eldest Son and heir at Law and John Pye his Second and eldest Son that Charles Pye the Son came to Maryland and resided some years therein upon his Estate in Charles County called Cornwallis Neck but returned to England where he died unmarried leaving his mother still alive and also his Brother John Pye to whom he devised his Estate or the principal part thereof that John Pye resided many Years and died upon the Estate Called Cornwallis neck in Maryland devised to him by his Brother Charles Pye as above Stated that John Pye above named married Henrietta Pye the Daughter of Walter Pye Esquire of Charles County aforesaid that the Said John Pye died in the year Seventeen hundred and Seventy two leaving Six Children…

          Contributed by Shirley Middleton Moller
          Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin; Summer 1984 Vol 25 No 3; Charles County, Maryland Probate Records, Inventories PART III: 1791-1808; Compiled by Ruth King & Carol Mitchell; The following was extracted from LDS microfilm #13742.; The first number is the page number the document begins on upon the microfilm. Charles County Maryland Probate Records, Inventories, Book 1798-1802
          401 Edward Joseph Pye-18 Aug 1801-Charles Pye kin-Mary Pye Exex

The following statement shows that Walter continued to care for his brother Charles’ interests in Maryland.

          Walter Pye, attorney for Charles Pye, leased to Richard Lewis of Charles
          County MD, the 104 acres tract "Maple Thicket" for the natural lives of
          Richard Lewis, his wife Jane, and his son John, on 11 June 1740 [Prince
's County MD land records].

Scott Swanson
          Department of History
          Butler University
          4600 Sunset Avenue
          Indianapolis, Indiana 46208-3485

From 1739 – 1743, Walter, acting as attorney for Charles Pye, leased several different properties in Charles County at Mattawoman Neck. Some of these leases were to Benjamin Gardiner, John Manning, Charles Tizeck, Richard Lewis, John Thomas, Richard Farrell and John Maggatee. During this period, each document states that Walter Pye is of Prince Georges County.

Of Walter and Margaret Tant’s children:

          Edward and Sarah had three children, Elizabeth, Margaret and Walter.
                    Margaret m. Jesse Matthews and had a son named Luke.

          Susannah and Edward Stonestreet had 4 children, Mary, Christian,                                         Susannah, and Richard. Susannah Stonestreet m. James                                   Goodwin.

          Margaret became a Carmelite Nun.

          *Henrietta Maria m. John Pye and had 6 children.
          *Subject of the next blog
          Mary – did not marry; her will shows bequests to her nieces.

          Jane – m. Henry Brent, 1 son also Henry Brent

Maryland land records vol 1

Maryland land records vol 2

Monday, June 8, 2015

Charles Pye of Maryland, The Mynde and Kilpec

Once again, an unforeseen event has kept me from getting another blog out. This time the computer gods played with my computer and it had to go in for repairs. But it’s back now and I’m ready to roll once again.

When Edward Pye died in 1697, all his children were minors. They came under the guardianship of Walter Pye, Edward’s brother. Charles Pye was the eldest and inherited the lands in Maryland and England.

Charles Pye’s name appeared in Maryland records up to about 1708. After that his brother Walter had Power of Attorney and acted on his brother’s behalf in all legal matters pertaining to Charles and his properties in Maryland. During this time Charles was in England, supporting the Stewarts. He had inherited the Mynde in Herefordshire and, quite possibly, from there began his activities in the support of the Stewarts. There were other families in Herefordshire who were also Stewart supporters, such as the family of Charles Booth of Breinton. Being ardent Catholics, the Booths supported the Stewart cause and were exiled to France with King James I, where Charles Booth served in the Royal house of Stewart. Charles Booth married Barbara Symes in St. Gervais, France in 1701 and their daughter, Mary Elizabeth Booth married Charles Pye about 1720 also in St. Gervais.

In 1725, Charles Pye appeared in a legal matter (source A2A, National Archives, Kew, England)

Short title: Pye v Garnons.
Document type: Bill only.
Plaintiffs: Charles Pye, esq of Hereford, Herefordshire (eldest son and heir of Edward Pye, esq, the eldest son and heir of John Pye esq, the brother of Sir Walter Pye junior kt of Mynd, Herefordshire, the eldest son and heir of Sir Walter Pye senior kt of Mynd, complainant's great grandfather).
Defendants: Walter Garnons.
Date of bill (or first document): 1725
Note: The naming of a party does not imply that he or she will appear in all the documents in this cause (after the bill) Date: 1725

In 1801, deponent Henry Rozer stated that he had known and been related to the Pye family for over 60 years. Henry Rozer had been sent to Cornwallis Neck in Maryland at the age of 10 to visit with his Uncle Charles Pye before being sent to England to be educated. He states that he had knowledge that his Uncle Charles Pye was married to a Miss Mary Booth while Charles was in England. When his Uncle Charles died he left two sons still living, Charles, the eldest, and John. Charles, the son, had been born in England. He came to Maryland and resided on his estate at Cornwallis Neck, but later returned to England where he died, unmarried. Brother John inherited his brother’s estate and lived on Cornwallis Neck for many years. He married Henrietta Maria Pye, d/o Walter and Margaret Tant Pye. Cornwallis Neck was also called Mattawoman in the old records and was bordered by Mattawoman Creek and the Potomac River. Henry Rozer was the son of Notley Rozer, a half brother to Charles Pye. Their mother was Ann Sewall, Notley her only child of her first marriage and Charles, the eldest son of her second marriage.

Charles and Mary Booth Pye lived in France and England for many years. Therefore the information about their children is sketchy and inconclusive. A list of names for their children does exist, but it is uncertain how accurate it is. Charles and Mary were very common given names and many mistakes may have been made.

          Charles b. 1728, d. c 1748, unmarried
          John b. June 26 1730, d. 1772, m. Henrietta Maria Pye 1756
          Anne  died as an infant
          Edward H.

Collections Toward the History and Antiquities of the County of Hereford vol. III
East Barnet, Frederick Charles Cass, Balliol College, Oxford, 1885
Parochial Registers of St. Germain
A2A, National Archives, Kew, England

Thursday, March 26, 2015

More Maryland Pyes

Col. Edward Pye 1620-1697 of Maryland  (con’t.)

As mentioned in the earlier blog on Col. Edward, his father, John, was one of the younger sons of Sir Walter Pye, Lord of Kilpec and The Mynde in Much Dewchurch, Herefordshire. Walter and his wife, Joan Rudhall, had 15 children, seven boys and eight girls. The boys were: Roger, Walter, Edward, William, John, Robert, and John. Roger died as an infant, Walter lived and became the successor to his father, Edward lived but died without issue, William died as a small boy, John died as an infant, Robert died in his twenties and before his father’s death. That left Walter, Edward and John (the second child to have this name) to carry on the Pye name in this branch of the family.

Sir Walter Pye1   - three sons able to inherit:
          Walter2 – Walter³
                     -   Robert³ - Elizabeth4
          Edward- no issue
          John2 – Edward³

When Sir Walter Pye1 died in 1637, his son Sir Walter2 (1610-1659) was his heir. The younger Sir Walter² held the Kilpeck/Mynde lands in 1649. This Sir Walter² was a MP (Member of Parliament) and a Royalist. He was relieved of his offices in 1648, when Oliver Cromwell governed during the interregnum.  He married Elizabeth Sanders and had three children, Walter3 (1628-1690), Catherine3 and Robert3 (1638-1690). Walter3 was the successor when the father died. He was an ardent Catholic who followed James II into exile in France. This Walter3 spent his remaining days on the Continent. Walter’s3 brother, Robert3 (1638-1680), married Meliora Drax (1650-1699) and had at least one daughter. No other children have been found for this marriage. By now, Robert’s3 brother had forfeited his lands by going to France and they passed to Robert3. His wife, Meliora’s two brothers, Sir James and Henry Drax either died without issue or left no surviving issue, leaving Robert3 and Meliora to inherit their large land holdings in Barbados. Their daughter, Elizabeth4, married Henry Gorges (Georges) a relative of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, early Gov. of Maine. {N.B. Ferdinando never set foot in the ‘new world.’}

From the National Archives at Kew, Surrey:

Meliora Pye, widow and administratrix of Robt. Pye. v. Edwd. Pye, Peter Smyth, and Eliz. Pye (an infant), by her guardian).: Goods and chattels and debts of Robert Pye, deceased (plaintiff's late husband), an annuity payable out of the estate of Robt. to Edwd. Pye (one of the defendants), and the jointure lands of the plaintiff, lying in Mynde, Kilpeck, Much Dewchurch, and Saint Devereux; and touching a meadow called "The Long Meadow," parcel of the manor of Kilpeck, and an annuity of 100l. {sic.- probably 100 £} payable to plaintiff (before her marriage with Robt.) out of "some estate in the Island of Barbadoes" settled upon her by her father, Sir James Drax, &c., &c.: Hereford
Date: 2 Jas 2 Held by: The National Archives, Kew  (1687)
{The Edward referred to here is Col. Edward Pye of Maryland.}

This implies that Edward was to receive an annuity and parcels of land in the Mynde, Kilpeck, Much Dewchurch and St. Devereux. It does not seem to say that Edward inherited all of the Pye lands in Herefordshire or in Barbados.

To make things more confusing, during this same time period, there are two
more men name Sir Robert Pye. The first one is the brother of Sir Walter Pye¹
(1571-1637) Knight Attorney General Court of Ward and Liveries. This Robert¹
(1584-1662), married Mary Crocker, had 7 children and established the
Faringdon, Berkshire branch of this family. From this line came the Poet Laureate Henry James Pye (1745-1813). He was not considered to be a very good poet and several nursery rhymes were written about him, such as Sing a Song of Sixpence.  But I digress. The elder Sir Robert¹ was a Royalist and his son, also Robert² was a Parliamentarian. The elder Robert¹ actually barricaded himself in his home in Faringdon while his son besieged the home in the name of Oliver Cromwell.  The home fell to the younger Robert² and eventually all lands were inherited by Henry James Pye, the Poet Laureate.

What this shows is that the lands at Mynde and Kilpeck came to Col. Edward Pye without much conflict from other family members. Edward had many aunts and uncles from both parents.

On his paternal side, his father’s sisters married:

Margaret m. Fulk Walwyn
Bridget m. Richard Chamberlayne (Chamberlayne descendants became prominent in the VA colony)
Joyce m. Henry Calverly
Ann m. Henry Williams
Alice m. Henry Lingen
Mary m. Thomas Thompkins
Frances m Henry Vaughn

On his maternal side his mother’s siblings married:

Henry Lingen m. Alice Pye
Roger Lingen   m. Anne Walwyn
Ann Lingen m. Nicholas Griffin
Magdalen Lingen m. Bodenham Gunter
Thomas Lingen m. Catherine Meysey

I offer these names since many of them, or their children and grandchildren went to the colonies, from VA to New England. It is known that an Edward Pye Chamberlayne was in the VA colonies at a fairly early date.
Edward and Anne Sewall Pye had four children. Due to the circumstances presented here, it appears that Col. Edward inherited some of the lands of Kilpeck, The Mynde and Much Dewchurch. There is speculation that he inherited lands in Barbados as well, although no legal document stating ownership has been found. When Edward died in 1697, his oldest son, Charles was his heir. These children were minors at that time and guardianship was awarded to Edward’s brother, Walter. Charles came into possession of Pyes Hardshift, 323 acres, and Pyes Chance, 141 acres, in Charles County, Maryland. Charles was an ardent supporter of the Stuarts, even though James I had died in 1701, and returned to England to support the cause.  While there he married Mary Elizabeth Booth, daughter of Charles and Barbara Syme Booth of Herefordshire. In 1714-15 another rebellion in support of the Stuarts arose. Charles became an active part of this, writing letters to France using an alias for himself and for the recipient. It was very cloak and dagger.
                                     St. Ignatius, Chapel Point

While in England, Charles is given credit for building Newhouse. This was either an addition to or a replacement of The Mynde. Given it’s size, it was most likely an addition. There are claims that Charles and Mary had 8 children. Since much of his time was spent in England and France, there isn’t a great deal of information concerning him in Maryland. His land holdings were being handled by Walter Pye, either his brother or a cousin. It is known he did eventually return to Maryland.
                             Calvert Marine Museum    along the Potomac in Southern MD

More of the Maryland Pyes yet to come.

Burke’s, A Genealogical and Heraldic Hhistory of the Commoners of Great Britain
Browne Willis, Notitia Parliamentaria, 1750 p. 229-239
Great Britain House of Commons, Journals of the House of Commons, Volume (1648-1651)
Wales Medieval Databse
Maryland GenForum

Maryland Archives